when the patient chooses withdrawal of life support
, has refused any method of revival, and his or her respiration has not spontaneously resumed within two to five minutes.
The relatively low incidence of withdrawal of life support
in Saudi Arabia could be related to the absence of consensus statements from scientific societies and lack of information on attitudes towards withdrawal of life support
in the Saudi media, though the difference could also be explained by religious beliefs, culture and ethical values (2).
Assessing Medical Criteria to Predict DCD Candidacy Following the Withdrawal of Life Support
Law and ethics treat a DNR order somewhat differently from a withdrawal of life support
It is unlikely the courts would condone the application of the "best interests" standard to decisions pertaining to the withdrawal of life support
from a person in a persistent vegetative state since it is based solely on a third party's assessment of whether it is in the patient's best interest to be kept alive and does not require any evidence that the patient him or herself would have chosen not to live in such a state.
Among the four original cases, there were three deaths due to complications or withdrawal of life support
Perhaps the most significant source of confusion for these individuals is the effort to make a moral distinction between withdrawal of life support
systems (everything from ventilators to nutrition and hydration) and physician aid in dying, as proposed by the right-to-die movement.
The third is that its discussion of end-of-life issues fails to distinguish passive euthanasia from withdrawal of life support
and ignores the question of intentionality.
Even with a living will or at the request of the patient's proxy, withdrawal of life support
is permitted only if the patient's condition is terminal.
The judge also said he rarely encountered cases where every nurse backed the withdrawal of life support
, after Mr Evans asked the doctor about nurses' views.
Though passive euthanasia - the withdrawal of life support
devices - is allowed 'under exceptional circumstances', a court petition proposes a patient sign a will, enabling him legal rights to euthanasia, in case he suffers a terminal disease.
As has been said in the UK: 'When, however, a treatment is discontinued solely by reason of its futility, there is nothing to be lost--and much to be gained by intellectual honesty--in attributing death, correctly, to "Lawful withdrawal of life support
systems which were necessitated by [the disease]"'.
Rasouli, (1) the Supreme Court of Canada clarified the state of the law in Ontario, holding that pursuant to the Ontario Health Care Consent Act, 1996 (2) ("HCCA"), patient consent is required for the withdrawal of life support
regardless of whether the physician providing such treatment believes it is inappropriate or futile.
Death, as a result of withdrawal of life support
is common (Kjerulf, Regehr, Popova, & Baker, 2005; Van Rooyen, Elfick, & Strumpher, 2005).