, Transistor Technology Evokes New Physics, Nobel Lecture, December 11, 1956 (http://www.
1947: The transistor was announced by John Bardeen, Walter Brittain and William Shockley
, the head of Shockley Semiconductor in Mountain View, California, had won a Nobel Prize.
Their boss, William Shockley
, had decided not to continue research into silicon-based semiconductors; frustrated, they decided to go do the work on their own.
Broken Genius: The Rise and Fall of William Shockley
, Creator of the Electronic Age
Only one of the three Nobelists who made deposits to the bank ever acknowledged his involvement: William Shockley
, winner of the 1956 prize in physics, whom Plotz describes as a confirmed racist whose lack of business acumen ultimately overshadowed his scientific successes.
Kilby and most of his peers in electronics are gone: Paul Eisler, Albert Hanson, Edwin Armstrong, William Shockley
, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain.
from MIT, Noyce worked briefly in Philadelphia before accepting an offer to work for electronics pioneer William Shockley
in Mountain View, Calif.
Jim McCormick James Caviezel Mike McCormick Jake Lloyd Bonnie McCormick Mary McCormick Harry Volpi Bruce Dern Tony Steinhardt Brent Briscoe Mayor Don Vaughn Paul Dooley Skip Naughton Reed Diamod Bobby Humphrey Frank Knapp Roger Epperson Chelcie Ross George Wallin Byrne Piven Rick Winston William Shockley
Owen Matt Letscher Buddy Johnson Richard Lee Jackson Tami Johnson Kristina Anapau Walker Greif Vincent Ventresca Bobby Epperson Cody MeMains
Microelectronics as we know it, although somewhat macro by comparison with today's technology, began around 1907 at Bell Labs; by the 1940s, Bell Labs was researching semiconductors, and in 1948 one of their scientists, William Shockley
, developed the transistor that could act as an amplifier.
In the Company of Owners uses the book equivalent of a journalist's anecdotal lead: It opens by tracing the origin of stock options to William Shockley
, a brilliant but curmudgeonly scientist who, unhappy with the giant telephone company's refusal to let him share some of the success stemming from his ideas, decamped in the late 1950s for what later became Silicon Valley.
This excerpt from Spinoff: A Personal History of the Industry That Changed the World (Saranac Lake Publishing, Saranac Lake, New York, 2001) recounts the story of the eight young men who in 1957 left the employ of William Shockley
to found Fairchild Semiconductor and, with it, today's semiconductor industry.
Perhaps they hear about Stanford as a source of talent and ideas; how Bill Hewlett and David Packard were early and important role models; how the scientist William Shockley
brought silicon to the Valley in the 1950's via his company; and how this place became the world center of venture capitalism.
Three Americans, William Shockley
, John Bardeen, and Walter Houser Brattain received the Nobel Prize in 1956 for their discovery of the transistor effect.
In 1939, William Shockley
, a researcher at Bell Labs, wrote in his notebook that he thought it was possible to replace the clunky tube with semiconductors.