The white skin of the tragic mulatta, then, would register sensibility of suffering, "presence of mind," and also facilitate a degree, of identification between white abolitionist
and the enslaved.
Stauffer's more ambitious essay is less successful in its use of the idea of "Primitive Masculine" to explain the place of violence in the thought of black and white abolitionists
Most important, the articles demonstrate that slaves were not passive characters in their fight for freedom and white abolitionists
supported the use of violence in self defense.
Although the paternalistic ethos of some white abolitionists
mandated continuing oversight of the experience of African Americans, the liberal/bourgeois values that under-girded the movement required freed people to be left on their own to stand or fall according to their own devices.
Inasmuch as antebellum white abolitionists
were ready to risk life and limb to save Bums, the stirring of a Northern failure of will was already present, in what von Frank rightly describes as the coalescence of the realities of black slavery with the figurative threat to Northern freedom posed by the extension of Southern political and economic power: whites could afford to ignore the distinct differences between black freedom and "national" white freedom, since the eradication of slavery was not necessarily the same thing as embracing the racial equality of blacks.
Black opponents stood alone for more than a decade, as white abolitionists
failed to develop an ardent anti-colonization stance until William Lloyd Garrison began publishing The Liberator in 1831, followed by his Thoughts on African Colonization the next year.
portrays an enslaved African as a noble savage "pleading for the help of white abolitionists
Their self-portraits, in other words, were always already dictated by the transnational identities that abolitionism had designed for slaves, for pro-slavery advocates, and for white abolitionists
Portraying the close connections between two black and two white abolitionists
, Stauffer provides an important corrective to studies of recent decades that stress the racial division within the ranks of abolitionists.
Harriet Beecher Stowe, whose family had black indentured servants during her childhood and early adulthood, expressed in 1863 a desire to dismiss her household servants in favor of a bound girl she could train to her liking (Hedrick 311), evidencing the ease with which even white abolitionists
distinguished between the status of African Americans who suffered as slaves in South and those they would suffer to serve whites in the North.
He asserted in this novella not just the humanity of blacks but their absolute equality to whites, a position that Douglass believed white abolitionists
had not adequately pursued.
The house which Sethe and her family escape is owned by white abolitionists
and rented to Baby Suggs.
15) The slave narratives often contained introductory and appended documents by white abolitionists
, whose primary purpose was to guarantee the authenticity and good character of the author and the truth of his or her story.
While the antislavery movement presented an opportunity - the only opportunity - for black and white women to meet as equals, at least in theory, many white abolitionists
"allowed, even imposed upon, virtually every African American woman writer the authority of slave experience.
Like white abolitionists
, African Americans viewed emancipation as the culmination of their decades-long struggle for justice, but far more acutely than their white coadjutors, they could not ignore the partial nature of their accomplishment.