20) Aspiration is a critical feature for AE speakers in order to differentiate voiceless stop
consonants from their so-called voiced counterparts.
VOT for stops in Hindko (spoken in Neelum valley) is greater for voiced stops than that of voiceless stops
According to Nina Topintzi, who is convinced that syllable onsets should be allowed to be linked to their own moras, a voiceless stop
is indeed a typical moraic onset (Topintzi 2010 : 15).
The results in Figure 2 reveal great speaker variation with respect to VOT, especially for the velar voiceless stop
The fuller lists of tokens show that, although a front TRAP vowel is invariably followed by a voiceless stop
or affricate for these speakers, there is inherent variability with respect to words of that set.
For instance, aspiration is often distinctive on all voiceless stops
in a given system, and not just on a single stop.
Are children who are learning to speak Spanish (where lead VOTs are phonemically contrasted with short-lag VOTs) and who stutter making more errors involving voiced stop (produced with lead VOTs) substitutions for voiceless stops
(produced with short-lag VOTs) compared to fluent children?
However, in a previous pilot study, Alves and Zimmer (2012) suggested that among Brazilian learners VOT duration did not seem to be a fundamental cue for the distinction between voiced and voiceless stops
in English, contrary to what is observed among native speakers of that language.
Results indicate that VOT values for voiced stops are consistently negative, and those for voiceless stops
are all consistently positive.
In English and German, they are perceived as voiced stop consonants (/b/, /g/, or/d/), whereas in French they are perceived as voiceless stop
consonants (/p/, /k/, or/t/).
The underlying representation of a voiceless stop
is shown in (8b).
There is also a logical tendency that vowels in monosyllabic words ending with a voiceless stop
are shorter in duration.
As Vance states, the long voiceless phoneme /Q/, called an obstruent, is "followed by a voiceless stop
, affricate or fricative.
In the onset of nasal syllables, the dorsal place of articulation is only realized in the voiceless stop
In case of syllables ending in a voiceless stop
or s instead of b, d, g, z, cf.