169) He concluded that the writ of formedon would lie to recover a villein
only if "brought for the Manor to which he was regardant.
Hispanics makes a difference in building the subscriber base, said Leslie Villein
, Hispanic marketing manager for Comcast's Northern California region.
The medieval English villein
was not in the same condition as a slave, says Skinner, for "it is only his property, not his person, which is sub potestate domini" (309-10).
If the courts decided that a slave was merely a modern-day villein
, or serf, then his master might be legally entitled to transport him to Jamaica.
All these diverse ideas were tied together in the later medieval definition of Jewish status as "servitudo camerae" sometimes "servi camerae," "serfs of the chamber [treasury]," somewhat akin to the position of the villein
in feudal structure, that is, having security through custom, subject however to his ruler's will.
These two immortal principles take care of many of the apparent inconsistencies of the article: for example: eight, heinous, feign, reign, villein
, inveigled, surveillance, beige, veins, deign, et al.
The government's efforts became the main focus of the Nunan Judgement of 1903 that castigated "the growing tendency to treat the native, whether he is old or new settler, and whether any rights were secured to him under the 'certificates of claim' or not, as a tenant at will or even as an unfree villein
or scriptus glebae.
If Saturn represents the villein
in the world of misfortune and mishap that governs the lives of peasants in late fourteenth-century England (as he does here) or, more historically, the violent disorder occasioned by the Pea sants' Revolt of 1381, then Jupiter and his advocate Theseus can only represent the privileged aristocrat, the self-indulgent greedy tyrant who exploited the commons in order to pay for the war with France and against whom the commons rebelled.
Copyhold is described by Gray as `a villein
A long string of binary opposites--black and white, inside and outside, citizen and villein
, cortese and villano--define the absolute conceptual differences between the exile's past and present identity.
Before the Enclosure Acts, English Common Law offered some protection, for example, to the right of easement across property for access to water sources, because "the villein
and his lord had an equal need to take logs for their houses and hearths .
The rare survival of villein
wills in court rolls does not suggest this permission was frequently given.
Though bound to the soil, the villein
had a claim to his land and could not be separated from it.
Aughterson in particular has neglected to gloss a handful of words (like tunicle (65), villein
(154), and fadge (256)) which might cause some confusion.
Indeed, four-fifths of the recorded heads of household in 1086 are dependent labourers of some sort, ranging from the villein
class--over a third of the entire population--through bordars, cottars, burs and slaves or serfs (servi), the last class amounting to nearly a tenth of the recorded population.