Additionally, the quicklime may have been chewed with coca and mixed with ground vilca
to produce a hallucinogenic snuff that could have formed an integral component of a ritual designed to shepherd the dead into the afterlife.
Moreover, according to preliminary liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry analysis, the fox-snout pouch contained chemical traces of multiple psychoactive plants including vilca
(Anadenantbera colubrina), which may have been used as a snuff inhalant (Miller et al.
On April 15, the government announced the disappearances of junior police officers Luis Astuquilca, age 21, and Cesar Vilca
, 22, who had participated in the hostage-rescue operation.
What happened to Zavaleta reminded many of the case of Susana Vilca
, former vice minister of mines, who in November 2011 was questioned when the ministry found that she had three mining concessions--information that she did not include in her sworn declaration submitted when she took the ministry post.
And Wassen (1972) excavated a tool kit of a Middle Horizon Tiwanaku shaman, in which the hallucinogenic plants, Ilex guayusa and vilca
, enema syringes and snuff trays provided supernatural transcendence.
The vice mayor of Echarati, Adolfo Vilca
, told the Associated Press in a telephone interview, "The panorama is very uncertain.
- Jessica and Victor Vilca
, of Eugene, a daughter.