utopian socialism

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socialism achieved by voluntary sacrifice

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To sum up, Marx, Marxism and Utopia would be a disappointment to Marxists, Utopians and Utopian socialists alike as its aim is to harness "the spirit of utopia," kill "the principle of hope" and reduce Marxism to a mere theory devoid of any humanist vision.
That's why the critique of political economy--the ruthless criticism of mainstream economic theory and of capitalism--points in a different direction, opening a space for actually moving toward the kinds of practices and institutions first imagined by the utopian socialists.
The Icarians were a typical utopian socialist commune founded in 1848 by the French refugee Etienne Cabet.
Geoghegan notes that they considered themselves to be eminently realistic and practical in focus and that therefore the term utopian socialist has to be seen as a label applied retrospectively by Marx.
According to utopian socialists, all wealth is derived from the application of labor to land.
Convinced that "the personal is political" they wanted to give theoret ical and political attention to issues of sex, sexuality, and relations in the family which some utopian socialists had addressed but which most Marxists ignored.
In this regard, it is important to remember that ideas from the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries have triumphed: "free love" was a slogan uniting atheists and anarchists like William Godwin, apocalyptic prophets like William Blake, and utopian socialists.
In disavowing any serious concern with practical political strategy, Jacoby inadvertently walks into the criticisms which Marx levelled at the utopian socialists of his day, whose grand visions of the future took little account of the actual historical terrain of social struggle on which their emancipatory goals were to be realized.
Wright's argument is clear: in opposition to recent interpretations of Mably (which are not that numerous) that see him as either a "progressive" Enlightenment figure, an ancestor of radical revolutionary democrats and utopian socialists, or, alternatively, a conservative realist with anti-Enlightenment views, Wright thinks that Mably is best understood if we recognize his profound debt to a classical republican tradition, one that harboured both radical and conservative elements.
Thompson had largely delivered Morris from the hands of pure aesthetic criticism and utopian socialists to argue that there was an important relationship between Morris' socialism, which he saw as truly revolutionary, and his life and work.
As a result of the sympathy he expressed for French utopian socialists in his story Zaputannoye delo (1848; "A Complicated Affair"), he was exiled to Vyatka (now Kirov), where he worked in the provincial governor's office.
This explained why our horizon broadened so dramatically when, in the work of utopian socialists, we could at last grasp the socialist order and learn 'how everyone lives for everyone, how one lives in and works for the other.
However, Marx's eclectic amalgam of German Hegelian and Young Hegelian approaches with the ideas and arguments of British political economists and French utopian socialists produced strongly independent and creative scholarly thought as they were applied to make sense of his empirical research.
At his absolute worst, he rehearses some of the most exhausted Marxist cliches, as when he likens contemporary anarchists to the utopian socialists of the nineteenth century and impugns them for lacking a 'blueprint' for post-capitalist society, etc.
A decade later (1857-8), in what became the Grundrisse (1986-7), Marx still targets utopian socialists and British Owenites, claiming that their assumptions regarding money are as unfounded as their conclusions are ridiculous.