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Words related to Umbundu

a Bantu language spoken in Angola

References in periodicals archive ?
It is a lie to say that it is the Kikongos, or the Kimbundus or the Umbundus or the mulattos who are traitors.
Angola has three main ethnic groups, each speaking a Bantu language: Umbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, and Kikongo 13%.
Clearly, while some of Calunga's lexicon has terms of African origin--mostly from Kimbundu, Umbundu, and Kikongo (the latter probably to a lesser extent)--, its phonetics/phonology and morphosyntax are on par with the rural, regional Brazilian Portuguese vernacular known as portugues caipira ('Caipira Portuguese').
From the etymologies of Calunga's Bantu words it is evident that these Africans were speakers of Kimbundu, Umbundu, and Kikongo--Bantu languages commonly spoken today in Congo and Angola.
Typologically homogenous, Kikongo was spoken by the Bakongo people of the former Congo Kingdom; Kimbundu by the Mbundu (or Ambundu) people of Central Angola; and Umbundu by the Ovimbundu people near the port of Benguela (Bonvini and Petter 1998:73; Castro 2001:34-37).
Castro (2002:39-43) argues that the predominate presence of speakers of Kimbundu, Umbundu, and Kikongo in colonial Brazil was due to the extended period of exportation--some four centuries , the demographic density where these languages were spoken in Africa, and their extensive geographic distribution in Brazil.
From Calunga's Bantu lexicon (see Byrd 2010a, 2010b, 2012), it is evident that these Africans were speakers of Kimbundu, Umbundu, and Kikongo.
These terms are typically derived from Bantu languages Kimbundu, Umbundu, Kikongo--and have basically an equivalent meaning in both the African language(s) in question and Calunga:
Curima 'work, job' (from Kimbundu kudima, kurima 'to work' (Vogt and Fry 1996:301); Kikongo kutima 'to work', Kimbundu kudima 'to work', Umbundu okulima 'to work' (Castro 2001:215)).