5) While the function of these imagined places has been replaced by modern textual and electronic storehouses, there is much for utopists to consider in these early systems of imaginative place-building, with their function of structuring memories for communication.
Utopists who combined both traditions also began to emerge on the scene.
As utopists often recall, Mannheim believed that without utopia, "man would lose his will to shape history and therewith his ability to understand it.
The fact that several of these rhetoricians have been influenced by the Marxist utopists I just discussed is evidence of cross-pollination in the two contemporary fields--or perhaps more accurately, the lack of distinct differences between them at all.
However, the discipline of rhetoric offers utopists a well-established tradition of theorizing about the encounter between symbolic, aesthetically mediated expressions of hope and actualized societies.
Inevitably, as we embark on a new area of inquiry for utopists that has not been systematically addressed before, the essays both individually and collectively raise more questions than they answer; but they do begin to map potential lines of inquiry as well as commonalities of content.
Such difference implies distance in time or space, but since, also, utopists frequently wish to distance themselves from the unsatisfactory/disastrous processes of history, spatial distance may prove more attractive than chronological (35).