Les etres ancestraux, etres du Tjukurrpa
, et les esprits de parents defunts sont des agents actifs dans le deploiement et le devenir du monde.
Unlike Dussart, in her neighbouring text on Warlpiri women's ritual, Poirier addresses the issue of the anonymisation of creativity--how the apparently immutable Tjukurrpa
is able to maintain its seamless profile, yet be invigorated with new material over time.
Ces jardins rituels ne sont pas l'expression d'une opposition entre la nature et la culture; ils renvoient aux conceptions aborigenes du Tjukurrpa
dont tout emane et auquel tout s'incorpore.
These are critical questions for the health of young desert men today because, as Myers indicated, it was at that moment of being held at initiation time that the moral and social power of the tjukurrpa (Dreaming) became directed to, and enacted in, all of desert society.
Other desert groups have linked this holding with three other key values: walytja (family), ngurra (land) and tjukurrpa (Dreaming) (Warrki 2002:15).
Together, these experiences point to the power and importance of older men holding younger ones, leading them through the ancestral tjukurrpa (Dreaming) into a belief in themselves and the discovery that they 'have a future'.
active knowledge of Tjukurrpa relevant to the land on which the community lies, and willingness to maintain this knowledge;
Second, the degree to which a community-country anangu will be heeded on the community in relation to wider decisions concerning land, such as exploration and mining, will also rest on the level of responsibility they hold for ceremony that derives from Tjukurrpa that pass by the community.
Every painting released by these highly respected cooperatives is accompanied by a certificate that explains the tjukurrpa story behind the artwork.
The tjukurrpa narratives of the Wilkinkarra region are dominated by the Tingari Cycle.
Their wanderings appear to have brought them to Wilkinkarra during the same tjukurrpa period as the Tingari (Mellor and Megaw 1999:44), although in other respects the Two Men can be thought of as ushering in a post-Tingari epoch (Berndt and Berndt 1999:266).
Firstly, Aboriginal names in the Western Desert may not always have an easily recognisable etymological meaning, but they are mostly associated with something which is part of a Tjukurrpa (Dreaming) or an associated place, and are therefore of restricted usage, even if not always of secret-sacred nature.
Bush-names, also called yinnitjukurr(pa), are related to Tjukurrpa beings and places, as may also be other names of a less secret nature.