Valery Zukin, vice-president of the Ukrainian Association of Reproductive Medicine (UARM), says 150 to 200 paid-for surrogate motherhood
cycles take place in the country each year.
Furthermore, in the leading California case on surrogate motherhood
, Johnson v.
provides a review of alternative ways of grounding both a sexual ethic and an ethic of caring for children, and he explores the implications of differing views for positions on such matters as in vitro fertilization, donor insemination, cloning, genetic screening, and surrogate motherhood
The authors' use of actual political disagreements in contemporary American politics, such as abortion, surrogate motherhood
, and the right to health care, is a real strength of the book, giving it a concreteness and focus that are often missing in more abstract works of political theory.
If our society had not acquiesced to moral and legal indifference toward the misuses of sexuality through which children end up in the care of homosexuals--egg and sperm donation, surrogate motherhood
, utilitarian sexual relations, easy divorce, and fluid sexual identity--there would be no such thing as homosexual "parents," and no child's welfare would suffer when homosexuals part.
The report, "Proceed with Care," recommended a ban on surrogate motherhood
, the closure of sex-selection clinics and a prohibition on the sale of human eggs, sperm, embryos, fetuses or fetal tissue.
It includes an absolute ban on surrogate motherhood
, the final stage of the Scottish technique, but some experts think that it may need tightening up.
Reviewing surrogate motherhood
, inheritance laws, and nonintrusion in matters of religious observance, he argues that the limits of privacy are determined by the interests of loyalty.
We have crossed yet another critical threshold: from sexual reproduction through sexual intercourse, to reproduction without sex in IVF, to reproduction without sex or a traditional family in surrogate motherhood
, to the reality of Aldous Huxley's Bokanovsky Principle described in Brave New World, which allowed the manufacturing of on average 72 identical twins from one fertilized egg.
Besides the recommendations on DNR and the health care proxy already mentioned, Task Force reports have either created or substantially reformed New York law governing organ procurement and distribution, the determination of death, and, most recently, so-called surrogate motherhood
Is there any way that we can resolve the current impasse concerning abortion, euthanasia, surrogate motherhood
, the sale of organs, justice in health care, and other dilemmas in bioethics?
If surrogate motherhood
has a future, it lies in "gestational surrogacy," in which the contracting couple's egg and sperm are united in vitro and the resulting embryo is implanted in the uterus of the woman they have hired to bring it to term.
Among the objections to surrogacy made by the Roman Catholic Church is the charge that "the practice of surrogate motherhood
is a threat to the stability of the family.
American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Committee on Ethics, "Ethical Issues in Surrogate Motherhood
Two recent books, Recreating Motherhood by Barbara Katz Rothman, and Surrogate Motherhood
by Martha A.