typically are observed in children between the ages of 4 and 12 and tend to resolve spontaneously.
Mothers were found to be more aware of symptoms related to ADHD in the presence of primary insomnia, sleep terror
disorder or sleepwalking disorder, whereas teachers may be more sensitive to ADHD symptoms in the presence of primary hypersomnia and nightmare disorder.
Durand (2002) describes the use of scheduled wakings to treat sleep terrors
in three children with autism, aged between 3 and 7 years.
usually occur during the first third of the night and affect mostly children, who let out a blood-curdling scream and bolt upright in bed.
Other sleep disorders include sleepwalking, sleep-related asthma and sleep terrors
Nightmares and insomnia are core characteristics of PTSD, but OSA, restless legs, sleep terrors
, nocturnal anxiety attacks and sleep avoidance can also occur.
Parasomnias most likely to be encountered in clinical practice are namely, sleepwalking, sleep terrors
, confusional arousals, REM sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) and nightmares.
Our results show that there is a substantial effect of genetics factors in sleep terrors
," ABC Online quoted Dr Bich Hong Nguyen, of the Sleep Disorders Centre at Montreal's Sacre-Coeur Hospital, as saying.
Non-REM parasomnias, also termed "arousal disorders", such as Confusional Arousals, Sleep Terrors
, or Sleep Walking can be considered "primary sleep disorders" or "secondary" when associated with an identifiable cause such as a seizure disorder, obstructive sleep apnea, nocturnal cardiac ischemia, or nocturnal paroxysmal dystonia, for example.
Parasomnias, including sleepwalking, sleep terrors
, and confusional awakening, are common in young children.
Nocturnal panic is not related to sleep terrors
or nightmares, which occur during stage 4 sleep, the psychologist continued.
DATA WATCH Sleep Disorders in Children Age Group Early Late Preschool Elementary Elementary Sleep Problem (N=399) (N=286) (N=213) Sleep-disordered breathing 8% 13% 14% Excessive daytime sleepiness 11 17 21 Sleepwalking 9 19 19 Sleep terrors
39 22 20 Nocturnal bruxism 32 33 28 Two or more insomnia symptoms 21 13 23 Bedtime resistance 29 28 23 Age Group Middle School Sleep Problem (N=140) Sleep-disordered breathing 12% Excessive daytime sleepiness 20 Sleepwalking 17 Sleep terrors
13 Nocturnal bruxism 16 Two or more insomnia symptoms 18 Bedtime resistance 13 Source: J.