The need to defend himself from Iroquoian and Siouan
raiders as well as his desire to enrich his wealth via a lucrative trade in copper make much more sense than the Eurocentric notion that he immediately feared the small groups of bumbling and transitory Europeans such as those who failed twice to establish themselves at Roanoke.
Papers discuss unidirectionality of grammaticalization in an evolutionary perspective, grammaticalization of Korean numeral classifiers, the grammaticalization of the German preposition von as a genitive equivalent, the grammaticalization of agreement in Chibchan, a grammaticalization perspective on decay and loss of applicatives in Siouan
languages, the semantic diversity of generalized action verbs, predicting future change of relative clauses of Japanese, the catalytic function of constructional restrictions in grammaticalization, grammaticalization of periphrastic constructions, grammaticalization of honorific constructions in Japanese, and other topics.
See James Constantine Pilling, Bibliography of Siouan
Languages (Washington: Government Printing Office, 1887), 21; Personnel File, Charles Hoffman, NPRC and http://www.
This warfare, which began before the tribes became known to the whites, had its origin at the time of the westward migration of the Chippewa (Ojibwa), who found their progress barred by the Dakota, a Siouan
The hitchhiker that Shadow picks up, Samantha Black Crow, is a character from Siouan
fables who fulfils a tutelary function when she tells him stories and fables while they travel together.
Neither Welshmen nor Jews, the Mandan were a Siouan
Indian people who lived in earthen lodges along the Missouri River and prospered as middlemen in a trade that stretched from the upper Missouri to Canada.
Catawban, and Siouan
Linguistics in Memory of Frank T.
Perhaps on calendars being sold for intertribal use we can use a name from each of twelve different language families (such as Siouan
, Algonkian, Dine, Muskohegan, etc.
Ward and Davis (1999:258) argue that in the intensely studied Siouan
project area of north central North Carolina, "there is no ethnographic or archaeological evidence of epidemic diseases until the arrival of the Virginia traders in the last half of the seventeenth century.
The original confederation of Lakota was made up of seven nations that spoke three dialects of the language classified as Siouan
The Cree allied themselves with the Assiniboine, a Siouan
group living to the south of Lake Winnipeg, while the Teton-Lakota were often joined by the Dakota, the eastern branch of the Sioux nation, who occupied the upper Mississippi valley, and the Ojibwa, who inhabited the lands around Lake Superior but who were beginning to move south and westward.
Dorsey, "A Study of Siouan
Cults," Bureau of American Ethnology 11th Annual Report (1889-90), 378.
especially the many Siouan
tribes of the Dakotas, the Cheyenne, and the Arapaho-Gros Ventres.
Within this vast region are two subregions, the High Plains and the Prairies, which were home to American Indian tribal groups from six language families - Siouan
, Caddoan, Algonquian, Athapascan, Uto-Aztecan, and Kiowa-Tanoan - plus the language isolate, Tonkawa.
She notes that scholars have often glossed the diverse languages and cultures of the Algonquian, Iroquoian, Caddoan and Siouan
peoples of North America under the label "Eastern Woodland Indians.