Levels of similarity between the 12 sequences from Morocco and other relapsing fever species sequences from Africa ranged from 99.
Phylogenetic analysis of 16S sequences showed single clusters for each relapsing fever species, with small differences between African species, which verified previous results (Figure 2, panel A) (7,15).
Patients living in Morocco and travelers returning from this country with unexplained fever should be tested for relapsing fever caused by Borrelia spp.
Epidemiology of relapsing fever borreliosis in Europe.
Characterization of a novel relapsing fever spirochete in the midgut, coxal fluid, and salivary glands of the bat tick Carios kelleyi.
Since the 1980s, the number of Borrelia species associated with relapsing fever has doubled.
Whether we are likely to see the reemergence of this disease is difficult to predict because we do not understand relapsing fever borreliae and their complex host interactions.
Tick-borne relapsing fever caused by Borrelia hermsii, Montana.
Serodiagnosis of louse-borne relapsing fever with glycerophosphodiester phosphodiesterase (GIpQ) from Borrelia recurrentis.
This new nested PCR is an efficient method for identifying tickborne relapsing fevers in sub-Saharan Africa.
burgdorferi sensu lato group and the North America relapsing fever group.
Clinical samples consisted of blood smear samples of all patients who referred to health centers of Kurdistan Province from 2000 till 2004 with relapsing fever signs and longitudinal study was done.
Out of the 97 recorded cases of relapsing fever during 2000-2004, 92 were recorded from Bijar County, 2 from Qorveh County and 3 from Divandare County.
Two distinct types of relapsing fever exist, louseborne relapsing fever and tickborne relapsing fever (TBRF) (1,2).
Since 1946, all cases of relapsing fever described in Israel have been tickborne.