Patients infected with RFB can get relapsing fevers, severe headache, neck stiffness, arthralgia, myalgia, ecchymosis, epistaxis, and petechiae.
We observed that no patient with Lyme disease-like symptoms that tested positive for RFB remembered having relapsing fevers.
GlpQ: an antigen for serological discrimination between relapsing fever
and Lyme borreliosis.
Dutton proved that ticks were vectors of human disease when he discovered the cause of endemic relapsing fever and its vector, the soft-tick Omithodoros moubata.
Omithodoros hermsi is found in the Rocky Mountain and Pacific Coast states of the United States and is the vector of Borrelia recurrentis, the causative agent of relapsing fever.
Pan-Borrelia real-time PCRs enable sensitive detection of DNA in blood samples, followed by sequencing (1) or confirmatory PCRs for relapsing fever
Borrelia-specific genes (e.
To the Editor: During the early 20th century, at the end of World War I, and during World War II, louseborne relapsing fever
(LBRF) caused by Borrelia recurrentis was a major public health problem, especially in eastern Europe and northern Africa (1,2).
Tick-borne relapsing fever
(TBRF) is caused by Borrelia species transmitted to humans by infected ticks.
These 3 species are associated with relapsing fevers
in Africa and Asia.
particularly rodents, warthogs, or other mammalian hosts) is well established; most relapsing fevers
rarely affect humans (13,28).
Physicians should be alert for relapsing fever
in travelers, and this diagnosis should be considered in febrile patients from disease-endemic regions.
The objective of our study was to develop a PCR method to identify the main Borrelia species in uncultured serum from patients with relapsing fevers
Tickborne relapsing fever
(TBRF) is an uncommon cause of febrile illness in the western United States.
Clinical samples consisted of blood smear samples of all patients who referred to health centers of Kurdistan Province from 2000 till 2004 with relapsing fever
signs and longitudinal study was done.
We evaluated the epidemiology of relapsing fever
from 1971 to 2003 in Israel.