Rome: A former Italian far-left militant from the Red Brigades
group who took part in the kidnapping and assassination of former prime minister Aldo Moro in 1978 was found dead at his home on Monday, ANSA news agency reported citing the police.
Muammar Qaddafi behaved similarly, sending millions to groups like Nicaragua's Sandinistas, El Salvador's Farabulndo Marti National Liberation Front (FMLN), Italy's Red Brigades
, the UK's Irish Republican Army, and revolutionary groups in Thailand, Turkey, and Japan.
The Red Brigades
, conducting a self-proclaimed "civil war" against the state, murdered Mr Moro after the government refused to free 13 detained extremists in return for his life.
There was a multifaceted arc of revolutionary groups (among which the Red Brigades
held a leading but not uncontested role) that actively promoted armed struggle.
In the last 40 years groups like ETA in Spain, the Red Army Faction in Germany and the Red Brigades
in Italy have sent hundreds of people to early graves.
The same can be said about Carlos, the achievements of the Japanese Red Army, and the Italian Red Brigades
The Italo include "Il Sorteggio" (Drawn for Jury Duty), about a Fiat factory worker selected for jury duty at a Red Brigades
trial, and "Le Ragazze dello swing," about a trio of Jewish showgirls (hugely popular in Italy during the early Fascist era) whose careers took a dive due to Benito Mussolini's racial laws.
If our robes are red, it is because of the blood some have spilled to defend the law," he said, referring to the killings of magistrates by Red Brigades
militants in the 1970s and 1980s.
But it has historical depth, starting in the 19th century with the Irish Fenians and Russian Nihilists and bringing us into the 20th with the terrorist tactics of Jews and Arabs in Israel prior to the establishment of the Jewish state, the Algerian FLN, the Italian Red Brigades
, the German Baader-Meinhof Gang, the PLO, Black September, the Provisional IRA, the Basque separatists ETA, and finally the ongoing terrorism of the Islamic jihadists.
secret services, Armando Spataro, is known for his work against the left-wing fighting group the Red Brigades
that was active in the 1970s.
This demonstration was attended by members of the Communist Party, anarchists, and the CARC (Committee for the Support to the Communist Resistance), which supports the Italian Red Brigades
Recently, the lady in question created a furore in Italy after she persuaded Sarkozy to override a court's decision to extradite Marina Petrella, a former member of the Red Brigades
, to Rome, where she had been found guilty of armed robbery, kidnap and murder.
The figure of the Red Brigades
understandably looms large.
There is a sad similarity between the present situation and the rise of the Red Brigades
in Italy in the 1970s and the rise of the Maoists who didn't care about the suffering of others but derived satisfaction and self-importance from belonging to a cause--regardless of how absurd the cause.
Self-promoting yet egalitarian, strident yet naive--he famously wore a Red Brigades
T-shirt at an antiracism concert--Strummer seemed made for the role of punk's spokesman.