As this reveals, the Simpson players did not confine themselves to performing before recusants
despite their reputation as popish players, just as they did not confine the membership of the troupe to recusant
Seemingly an unambiguous case of recusant
sedition, the plot resulted in a governmental clampdown on Catholic sympathizers, some of whom were compelled to serve as spies and pursuivants to prove their loyalty to the crown.
Alarmed by intensifying political pressure on Warwickshire recusants
following the arrest and execution of the Jesuit missionary, Edmund Campion, in 1581, John Shakespeare could have sent seventeen-year-old William to Lancashire for safekeeping as private tutor to the Hoghtons, a noble Catholic family.
49) As a co-religionist with connections to recusants
cial returns of recusants
are notoriously selective, but at a time of crisis for the established church in 1702 Catholicism in Wootton was estimated as about a quarter of the population.
Dismembered Rhetoric: English Recusant
The Calverts received expansive religious privileges because they were recusants
, and Charles I, a crypto-Catholic, was sympathetic to their desire for a religious refuge.
While the recusants
were viewed as insufficiently English in their homeland despite their attempts to disentangle religious from political questions, they were considered as less than truly Catholic on the Continent by their Catholic brethren there, especially because of Jansenist and Enlightenment influences within the Jacobite church that resisted Ultramontanism and supported ecumenism.
By 1581, merely being a recusant
could cost you up to pounds 20 a month (a small fortune today), and by 1593, recusants
could not go more than five miles from home.
In "Gender and Recusant
Melancholia in Robert Southwell's Mary Magdalene's Funeral Tears" (of which only brief excerpts are given), Gary Kuchar contends that Mary Magdalene's experience at Christ's tomb is a prefiguring of the recusants
' endurance "of social isolation and religious abandonment while providing a model example of how one should cope with such marginalization" (136).
He looks at the work of incumbents and then divides his study into certain aspects of parochial life: the ignorant, the indifferent, the Godly, the role of authority, the doubters and scoffers, Recusants
and what might be called 'emotional Catholics'.
Was the chaos it created--the multiple nonconformist sects, the embattled recusants
, the High and Low Church possibilities--an enrichment of a kind: God taken seriously instead of the traditional performance of a liturgy?
Even a new king (James) with Catholic sympathies and Catholic wife (her religious view is not dealt with by Hamilton) could not finally make life easier for recusants
But surely there were others, nonconformists and recusants
, in the eighteenth century who did question such views.
(those fined) were merely the tip of the iceberg, the number of nominal conformists, whom Protestants came to call 'church papists', was another matter.