When giving their depositions in the 1611 Star Chamber case William Harrison, Robert Lawnde and Thomas Pant all claimed not to be related to the Simpsons; Harrison was identified as a labourer and Lawnde as a husbandman; and all three appear not to have been recusants
(STAC 8/19/10 mb.
For Shakespeare and his contemporaries, Bohemia was a place of religious tolerance that contrasted with the persecution of Catholic recusants
in the later years of Elizabeth's reign.
Refusing to attend the established Anglican church, Shakespeare's parents were recusants
and, as such, fined.
Finally there were England's Catholics, the Recusants
Teresa of Avila, and different kinds of written narratives reveal the importance of convents in preserving the legacy of female Catholic recusants
like Elizabeth Cary (1585-1639) and Lady Winifred Herbert, Countess of Nithsdale (1699-1774).
Tim Mowl is working on Elizabethan recusants
This tax was imposed specifically on Catholic recusants
as a punitive contribution to Elizabeth's campaigns against foreign Catholic threats; John Shakespeare's fellow defaulters were all Catholic.
The Parliamentary debates over these statutes, one targeting recusant
Catholics and the other sectarian Protestants, focused on problems of semantics, specifically on the potential danger of phrasing the statutes in such a way that mere associates of recusants
and heretics would be caught in the government's religious dragnet, a possibility vividly imagined in Donne's "Satyre IV.
An early center of Christian faith, it was also home to recusants
, those 16th-century Catholics who resisted both Anglicanism and Puritan authority.
To some Protestant moralists the two-headed child represented England itself, which contained recusants
whose allegiance was split between two heads, namely James I and the pope.
In February 1604 a proclamation appeared ordering all priests to quit the country; in August several were hanged by judges on the circuit, though without instructions from the government; in November the levy of fines from lay recusants
was vigorously resumed; in December five men were mining a tunnel from a neighboring cellar to the wall of Parliament House.
She 'shows how the site survived state-sponsored attacks on relics and icons, in part because of its recent refurbishment as a Tudor shrine, and how it became a rallying point for recusants
49 In English history, the fine on recusants
was raised to a huge pounds 20 a month in 1587 as long as they refused to do what?
Wrightson notes that "[t]he presentment officers of another Lancashire village who put forward the names of several local recusants
were generally maligned as being too 'presyce'" (30, my emphasis).
Thus Shakespeare may not have been punished for stealing deer from Sir Thomas Lucy, as centuries of schoolchildren learned, but Lucy was a noted persecutor of recusants