In contrast, political fragmentation in the medieval Middle East or premodern India does not seem to have promoted innovation, and the political unity of Qing China
produced an elite culture that was conservative and stifled free thinking.
Images in legal and fictional texts from Qing China
The unequal treaties, however, deprived Qing China
(and then Republican China) of most of the tools used by European countries to carry out successful industrialization.
The way Perdue describes this century-long contest for the heart of Eurasia sets the history of Qing China
within a larger historiographical stage.
After the Ming's fall, they saw two Chinas: the Ming China to which they felt culturally and historically connected, and the Qing China
they had to deal with as a new, redoubtable neighbor.
The extract of 'Stones of the Jingwei Bird', with which Writing Women in Modern China opens, portrays with cutting insight the conditions that Chinese women were subjugated to in Qing China
A good example of such a comparative study is Ding Richu's essay, in which he-compares Empress Cixi of late Qing China
with Okubo Toshimichi of Meiji Japan.
An examination of these cases, then, allows us to better understand the nature of patriarchal authority in Qing China
(especially in the nineteenth century).
In the case of France, however, Goldstone seems not to be sufficiently aware of the difficulties of comparing France in the 1830s and 1840s with Qing China
in that same period.
Companions in Geography: East-West Collaboration in the Mapping of Qing China
Part 2, consisting of chapters 4 to 6, looks at the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries by explicating Yemen's coffee trade in 1636 and 1726, the spread of Zen Buddhism from Qing China
to Vietnam in 1683, and the growth of Indian Ocean trade routes in 1745.
In contrast, the founders of Choson Korea (1392-1910) entered into sadae (revere the great power) relations with Ming and Qing China
, which entrenched the country within the Chinese civilization but also, on a practical level, secured domestic and foreign policy autonomy.
Hegel has judiciously selected these cases to allow the reader access to "glimpses of lived experience--both personal and administrative" in Qing China
Suggesting that even if it can be argued that the United States pursues imperial policies it might be a mistake to think that it is an empire at the height of its powers as opposed to perhaps merely a powerful state that is in the process of becoming an empire (citing a lack of specifically imperial institutions), Kagan (president, Institute for the Study of War) presents five historical case studies examining the processes by which ancient Athens, Rome, Great Britain, Qing China
, and Russia transitioned to empire, together with one chapters focusing on the current American moment (in a world that has supposedly moved "beyond imperialism").
The Catholic debate, however, was resumed by the Protestant missionaries in late Qing China
, and the controversy has not been resolved completely until the present day.