Three New Psychomimetics
, 74 PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY OF HALLUCINOGENS 83
At the [kappa] receptors the effects are analgesia, sedation, dyspnea, psychomimetic
effects, miosis, respiratory depression, euphoria, and dysphoria.
The psychoactive agents in morning glory seeds include the ergot alkaloids, ergonovine and lysergic acid amide (LSA), that resemble lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) structurally and cause similar psychomimetic
Nagato et al found that propofol could inhibit psychomimetic
activity associated with ketamine by inducing [gamma]-aminobutyric acid type A receptor activation in animal studies (23,24).
10-15 There were no psychomimetic
effects of systemic use of ketamine, such as delirium or hallucination.
In addition, butorphanol and pentazocine may produce psychomimetic
effects and lead to confusion; pentazocine causes delirium and agitation in the elderly (APS, 1999; Ferrell, 1995).
BZ, a potent psychomimetic
, produces hallucinations, confusion, delirium, amnesia, rapid heartbeat, dilated pupils, ataxia and weakness.