Discussing questions of early dialect variations Southworth says (2005: 155): "In interpreting earlier evidence it is important to note that some scholars, for instance Chatterji, have assumed (tacitly or explicitly) that Pali and the Prakrits represent a stage intermediate between the earliest Indo-Aryan and the modern spoken languages.
It is a well-known fact that the Dard languages are modern descendants of Prakrits more or less close to the Ashokan Northwest dialect (that is, Gandhari).
74) that the Tamil text "gives us two major clues about the structure of the ur-text, clues we do not get from the other versions alone" (there are five versions altogether; three in Sanskrit, one in Prakrit, and one in Tamil).
79), and Mahadevan makes it clear that even in the inscriptional record, Prakrit is the interface.
Arvind Krishna Mehrotra, Middle Earth, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 1984 (includes selections from two earlier volumes); mad The Absent Traveler: Prakrit
Love Poetry from the Gathasaptasati of Satavahana Hala, New Delhi, Ravi Dayal, 1991.
Scharfe mit dem zitierenswerten Satz, der zugleich seine Ergebnisse umreisst: "But it is gratifying that we can ultimately agree with Jacobi on the rise of compounds in Prakrit
and the similarity with Dravidian usage, with Renou on the spread of long dvandvas in the sutra literature, with Hauschild on the Dravidian influence, and with Bloch and Burrow on the literary aspects of this development.
Perhaps the earliest references to civet in a text on perfumery are found in a number of recipes contained in a fascinating and rather difficult text called the Girdle of Hara, the Haramekhala, composed in Prakrit
by a certain Mahuka or Madhuka and dating most probably from the ninth or tenth centuries of the Common Era, possibly written in what is modern day Rajasthan (HIML IIa, 134-35).
During the first millennium of the common era Jain monks produced three remarkable Prakrit
works which scholarship has styled either "romances" or, more daringly, "novels.
Turner's dictionary shows that derivatives from this term are found in Prakrit
and in numerous modern Indian languages: Assamese khani, Hindi khan, Marathi khan (fasc.
As in many similar publications by the same authors, the structure of the book is rather complicated but systematically organized, making good use of LaTeX typesetting to represent both modern mathematical notation and graphical characteristics of the Prakrit
As regards the last point, it should be noted that, if it is true that in a Prakrit
language like M[a.
While outlining the importance of the rise in literacy in this period, mostly associated with world religions, he mentions that Prakrit
texts were translated into Old Turkic (p.
6) His lavish use of Prakrit
in both plays likewise points towards one of the most striking qualities of Rajasekhara's writings (Konow 1901: 199-204).
Herman Tieken (also in English) discusses verses accompanied by the poet's signature (bhanita) found in certain mostly medieval dramas, Sanskrit and Prakrit
, where they would appear to be ad hoc.
It is also likely that many names were transmitted through the vernacular Prakrits
rather than from Sanskrit itself.