1) Pope Pius XI
, 'We Have Little', 27 October 1932, http://w2.
Here, Kertzer explores the relationship between Italian dictator Benito Mussolini and Pope Pius XI
, both of whom rose to power in Rome in 1922 and relied on the other to protect their political interests.
Poland opened relations with the Holy See in 1563, which were renewed after the First World War era when Achille Ratti, later Pope Pius XI
, was named Nuncio to Warsaw in 1919.
was impressed with the work Interracial Justice by an American Jesuit, Father John LaFarge and commissioned him, with the assistance of two German Jesuits, Gustav Gundlach and Heinrich Bacht (the latter responsible for the translation of the work into Latin), to put together a draft of an encyclical to be sent to the entire Church.
and Cardinal Pacelli devoted their energies to protecting the confessional status of the Catholic Church in education and guaranteeing the independence of organizations such as Catholic Youth.
The topics include the Vatican and the US in the Italo-Ethiopian War of 1935-36, the Holy See and Chicago Cardinal Mundelein's insult of Hitler in 1937, the problem of birth control in the US under the papacy of Pius XI
, Vatican transnationalism, the "crusade" of Pius XI
against anti-Semitism and the "silence" of Pius XII, and the repudiation of totalitarianisms by the late Pius XI
Pope Pius XI
would go so far as to say that the state has become "a slave, bound over to the service of human passion and greed.
Why not concede that Pius XI
, when he banned contraceptives, simply blundered, and that all the rest has been a sour comedy of celibate malice in blunderland?
St John was canonised in 1925 by Pope Pius XI
who four years later also made him the principal patron saint of parish priests worldwide.
In June 1938, more than a year before the outbreak of World War II, Pope Pius XI
commissioned a draft papal statement attacking anti-Semitism called "Humani Generis Unitas" ("The Unity of the Human Race.
Did the Roman Catholic Church, Pope Pius XI
, and Eugenio Pacelli, the Cardinal Secretary of State (the future Pope Pius XII), turn a blind eye and a deaf ear to the plight of Germany's Jews in the 1930s?
However, the necessary approval failed to come from the Holy Office, which condemned the entire movement, and convinced Pius XI
to suppress it.
During these years, Eugenio Pacelli, the future Pope Pius XII (1939-58), served as nuncio to Bavaria (1917), nuncio to Germany (1920), and Secretary of State to Pope Pius XI
Between 2003 and 2006, the Vatican opened its archives from the pontificate of Pope Pius XI
Papal neutrality during the Great War as seen by the British, the role of radio, cinema and television from Pius XI
to John XXIII, the reception of Paul VI and John Paul II's teaching on sex and war.