females were tested individually for infection by Leishmania species, a part of nucleic acid (NA) extracted was pooled for the detection of phlebovirus RNA.
The vectorial competence of Phlebotomus sergenti
is specific for Leishmania tropiea and is controlled by species-specific, lipophosphoglycan-mediated midgut attachment.
Anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in Kabul, Afghanistan: the high susceptibility of Phlebotomus sergenti
to Leishmania tropica.
In central Asia, ACL is transmitted mainly by the sandfly Phlebotomus sergenti
in urban or periurban environments (5).
Indeed, Phlebotomus sergenti
(Diptera: Psychodidae) has an extensive geographical distribution, wider than that of the anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL).
To the Editor: In Afghanistan, most cutaneous leishmaniasis cases are caused by Leishmania tropica, which is transmitted anthroponotically by the sandfly Phlebotomus sergenti