Soka University researcher Isamu Okada and his collaborators Tatsuya Sasaki (University of Vienna) and Yutaka Nakai (Shibaura Institute of Technology) have found that the solidarity of philanthropism
and reciprocity is necessary to maintain cooperative societies.
, which dominated German discussions of pedagogy at the end of the eighteenth century, is significant for the fairy tale tradition, in that it first created the intellectual preconditions that allowed a new approach to the fairy tale genre: the earlier Enlightenment had been too strongly rationally oriented to do so.
Jefferson spoke in a May 5, 1817, letter of "true religion" as based on "moral precepts, innate in man," and the "sublime doctrine of philanthropism
and deism taught us by Jesus of Nazareth.
But the objects of patriotism and of philanthropism
, however great, fall infinitely short of being in general (Nature of True Virtue 19).