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Words related to Permic

a group of Finnic languages spoken in the northwest Urals

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This hypothesis is supported by the fact that their most probable ancestor, the Permic postposition din-/din-/dyn- 'near', which, in turn, arose from the noun din 'basis, proximity, neighbourhood' ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 2008: 84), has not been attested in Beserman.
The meaning burst, then, gave rise to its transitive equivalent pierce in Permic.
The semantic abstraction (hollow) stalk, stem (of a plant) > inside, core has apparently begun already in Proto-Uralic, as the meaning inside is also attested in Komi pic (pick-) and Udm puc (puck-) ~ pus (pusk-), which can be included in this cognate set; local case forms of these Permic nouns also function as adverbs and postpositions in the senses in, into .
Toivonen (1928 : 87-88), however, treated the two Finnic words as etymologically distinct: he considered Fi sataa 'rain' the cognate of SaaS tjuetsedh 'snow' and SaaI cuoccad molt, whereas sataa yield harvest and sato harvest were in his view cognate with the Mordvin, Mari, Permic and Khanty words mentioned above, as well as MsW sosiy, MsE sase, MsN sossa 'homestead, homeland'.
According to Sammallahti' s theory of Permic historical vocalism PU *a developed to PPerm *u (> Komi o, Udm u), whereas PU *i is reflected as PPerm *u (> Komi and Udm u).
This comparison needs to be abandoned for phonological reasons, however, as the Permic forms show that the verb must have originally had the consonant *-d-; intervocalic *-l- is preserved as such in Permic, whereas *-d- > [empty set] is a regular development.
The regular reflexes of PU *e in Permic and Ugric are entirely different from those attested in this cognate set; the vowels in this cognate set clearly point to an original *i instead (Sammallahti 1988:504, 530-533).
This etymology must, however, be rejected due to the irregular sound correspondences: the vowels of PSaa *kuoje could not regularly reflect the reconstructed proto-form *koja, and the Permic and Ugric forms cannot be regularly derived from such a form either (Sammallahti 1988:504, 530-531).
Formerly the Permic word meaning 'awn' has been compared to Fi kapy 'cone' (SSA s.
Considering the latter, at the diachronic level the Udmurt language with its z-suffixal future forms is consistent with Mordvin and Komi ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 1976 : 173-174) (in Permic languages the 3P verbal inflection occurs in other verbal forms also: in Komi only in the preterite tense but in Udmurt almost overwhelmingly).
Thereby, in Volgaic, Permic and Ob-Ugric the 3P possessive suffix is used in the non-personal definitive function more often than the 2P possessive suffix.
Three of them are Uralic: Hungarian, Permic Zyrian Komi and Samoyedic Nenets.
Among the conventional Uralic [U] grouping, our analysis considers separately the following subgroups: Finnic [FIN], Saamic [SAA], Mordvin [MOR], Mari [MAR], Permic [PER], Hungarian [HUN], Ob-Ugric [OU], and Samoyedic [SAM].
In the geographic center of the Uralic area, Mari, Permic and Ob-Ugric are found to form another tight cluster.