Women narrated how periodic abstinence
is not always an easy method, for example because of an irregular cycle, or because they would give in to sex on unsafe days in the heat of the moment.
Switching from the pill was highest to the injectable (9%) and the highest response for an alternative method of contraception among previous condom users was periodic abstinence
By using reason to consider the various factors relevant to whether a conception is likely and desirable, and by then using the will to choose (68) acts of periodic abstinence
or intercourse when appropriate, agents perform the repeated acts of procreative responsibility that lead to the virtuous integration of their sexual inclinations and fertility.
The most frequently-used methods of contraception were pill, periodic abstinence
(rhythm), and condom.
The Church and other prolife advocates support only one method of contraception--natural family planning, or periodic abstinence
However, in an older woman whose menses have become irregular, the effectiveness of periodic abstinence
may decrease if it is based only on a calendar approach or on signs of fertility.
It is moderate for pill and condom users, and very high if couples rely upon periodic abstinence
, withdrawal or spermicides (Table 2d, page 16).
In the fourth study, published after Dixon's paper, World Health Organization (WHO) investigators analyzed conception risks from data gathered in a five-country clinical trial to assess efficacy of the ovulation method of periodic abstinence
(see: World Health Organization, "A Prospective Multicenter Trial of the Ovulation Method of Natural Family Planning.
Individuals can only limit pregnancies by abstinence, periodic abstinence
, the faithful use of contraception, or procuring sterilization.
Until the introduction of modern contraceptive methods, coitus interruptus (withdrawal) and periodic abstinence
(rhythm) were the techniques most commonly used to avoid pregnancy.
Women who wanted to avoid pregnancy but were using no method or a traditional method (such as periodic abstinence
or withdrawal) were considered to have an unmet need for modern contraceptives.
2% Periodic abstinence
(natural family planning) 0.
3,4) Use of traditional methods, mainly periodic abstinence
, fell, a trend to be welcomed, as most young women have incorrect knowledge about the safe period.
Consulting his 2005 Physician's Desk Reference, Lillis disagreed, pointing out that birth control pills had a 1 percent failure rate and condoms a 14 percent failure rate, compared with the 25 percent listed for periodic abstinence
Mindy Smith and her colleagues at Michigan State University, East Lansing, in the Periodic Abstinence
From Pap (PAP) Smear Study: Women's Perceptions of Pap Smear Screening.