Sure, it's no Uranus, that gift to generations of snickering schoolboys, but it evokes the underworld and honors with its first two letters Percival Lowell
, whose batty and litigious widow asked Clyde, "Are you willing to have the planet named Constance?
1783 William Herschel says Mars has four seasons 1877 Giovanni Schiaparelli discovers what are mistakenly believed to be canals 1895 Astronomer Percival Lowell
thinks the ``canals'' once channelled water from polar ice caps 1964 Notions of little green man are dispelled by the Mariner probe 1971 Mariner 9 gets a glimpse of what are believed to be dried-up river channels 1975 The Viking experiment finds nutrients can be metabolised on Mars 1966 A martian meteorite lands on Earth,containing what could be a fossilised life form 2004 Beagle 2 is lost and the jury is still out
Darwin, not Percival Lowell
, is the key influence on the Martian image.
in 1894 by the astronomer Percival Lowell
, who caught popular attention with his belief that intelligent life might exist on Mars.
His older brother, Percival Lowell
(1855-1916) was an astronomer, and his sister was the poet <IR> AMY LOWELL </IR> .
Planet X was hypothesized in 1906 by Percival Lowell
, the astronomer infamous for popularizing the "canals" of Mars.
Wells, Percival Lowell
, and their own famous fictional Martian worlds.
One article speculated on whether the new planet might be named for Percival Lowell
, who predicted its existence, or perhaps be called Minerva after the goddess of wisdom, or even President Herbert Hoover.
There are a number of good texts available on both the history of the Lowell Observatory and on Percival Lowell
himself, (3,4,5) so I do not intend to embark on a long description of it here.
Many astronomers used to think that we could see signs of civilisation and a century ago the American astronomer Percival Lowell
believed in a canal system built by Martians to draw water from the polar ices.
Asimismo, el studio detenido de las fotografias tomadas por diferentes naves espaciales desde orbitas marcianas, corroboro que no existian los canales que en el siglo pasado habia observado el astronomo italiano Giovanni Schiaparelli, y que el estadunidense Percival Lowell
busco e imagino desde una meseta de Arizona.
Drawn by the region's clean air, wealthy Bostonian Percival Lowell
built an observatory on the hill in 1894, and it was here, in 1930, that the planet Pluto was discovered.
Belonging to a collateral branch of the Lowell family, he was a grandson of <IR> ROBERT TRAILL SPENCE LOWELL </IR> and was related to <IR> JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL </IR> and <IR> AMY LOWELL </IR> , astronomer Percival Lowell
(1855-1916), and Harvard president <IR> ABBOTT LAWRENCE LOWELL </IR> .
Last Contact" and "Certainly Now" would be the last lines ever penned by Percival Lowell
in his observing logbook, on November 11,1916.
Moreover, it was also a good time to clarify the nature of the faint linear 'canals' suggested by the Italian Giovanni Schiaparelli in 1877 and documented by the American Percival Lowell