The importance of a judicial check cannot be overstated when hyperpolarization is so strong that partisans increasingly parrot the party line (438) and change their tune accordingly when the party line abruptly reverses course.
Jubilerer, is that partisan gerrymandering becomes unconstitutional only when it "has gone too far," giving rise to the intractable inquiry into "how much is too much.
The Article proposes a new approach focused on legitimate state interest and partisan purpose, building on a constitutional norm against government partisanship.
While legal scholars tend to approach gerrymanders on a case-by-case basis, we have developed statistical tests to measure the extent of partisan bias whenever districts are redrawn.
We define an extreme partisan gerrymander as a redistricting plan that simultaneously violates two or more statistical tests (see sidebar, "Can Math Assist in Saving Democracy?
We therefore recommend future studies to directly test how partisans respond when their personal interests diverge from their Party's issue stance.
Drawing on group polarization literature, we further hypothesize partisan self-stereotyping--an automatic reaction to partisan identity salience--as a mechanism behind the polarizing effect of partisan conflict-framed news.
Peoples social, physical, economic, and mental lives are shaped by their partisan identities and these social identities are widely and deeply held.
The researchers learned that the sadness effect lasted for about a week, but eventually partisan losers recovered.
He pointed out that while Section 2(4), Article IX-B of the 1987 Constitution provides that no officer or employee in the civil service shall engage, directly or indirectly, in any electioneering or partisan political campaign, such constitutional ban, as held by the Supreme Court does not cover elected officials notwithstanding the fact that the civil service embraces all branches and agencies of the government.
189698), Macalintal explained that elected officials by the nature of their office, engage in partisan political activities all year round, even outside the campaign period.
Levi joins up because for Jews, "the effective options were two: hide, or become partisans" Some partisans are opportunists seduced by the spirit of anarchy; most are ardent anti-Fascists who consider themselves outlaws fighting for freedom and justice.
In among the gun-shy or trigger-happy greenhorns are hardy partisans like Avrom, described in Levi's Moments of Reprieve as "adept with pistol and machine gun, polyglot, and wily as a fox" Luzzatto introduces us as well to valiant soldiers such as Aldo Piacenza, who had seen action on the Eastern Front in 1941, and Emilio Bachi, who had experienced the fall of France under Hitler's blitzkrieg.
Evaluating the Partisan Impact of District Maps Before
Partisan gerrymandering, in which geographical jurisdictions are