The human fossil record has two extinctions: Paranthropus
, which disappeared a million years ago, and Neanderthalis, which died out 30,000 years ago.
A major group of early hominids are the australopithecines, known only from the African continent, and including several species subsumed under three to five genera; Australopithecus, Paranthropus
, Ardipithecus, and Kenyanthropus are probably stable.
An example of the successful application of cladistics to arrange fossil taxa over a long geological time scale is the division of fossil taxa into clades such as Paranthropus
, Australopithecus and Homo; cladistic analysis has demonstrated that there is more than one genus in the tribe Hominini and that the prime candidate for generic speciation was likely to be Paranthropus
(Groves 1989: 215-227).
Quantitative analysis of occlusal microwear in Australopithecus and Paranthropus
Coon divides the races into five categories--Australoid, Mongoloid, Caucasoid, Congoid, and Capoids--and supports his thesis with photographs of African persons in close proximity to photographs of lemurs, chimpanzees, and gorillas (plates 8-16), as well as comparative analyses of skulls and bone fragments of the early hominin Paranthropus
boisei and Australian aborigines (plate 23).
Professor Robert Winston follows the lives of two species - Paranthropus
boisei and Homo habilis - both of which embody two alternative ways of ape- man life.
UGG-LY MUGS: A pair of Paranthropus
boisei on the prowl; CAVEMAN CALLING: David Rubin rings the changes
La denominacion de esta especie ha ocasionado numerosas discusiones desde su bautizo, en 1979 por Johanson y White (Lewin, 1990) y existen tres posiciones respecto a lo que en realidad representan los fosiles adscritos a este taxon: la primera, la de los creadores del nombre, sostiene que todos los especimenes hallados en Laetoli, Tanzania, y los de Hadar en Etiopia, corresponden a una sola especie y que esta es la originaria ancestral de todas las especies de hominidos posteriores, tanto del genero Homo, como de los extintos Australopithecus y Paranthropus
(Johanson y Edey, 1982).
a somewhat hasty conclusion when we think that we do not yet know whether it was Australopithecus, the Paranthropus
, or Homo habilis that produced some of the tools of the Plio-Pleistocene era (Susman 1991).
3 The "gracile" and "robust" alternatives in East Africa Chapter 6 The Pliocene cladogenesis: Paranthropus
versus Homo 6.
robustus , two extinct hominin species often thought to have commonly consumed hard foods (though there's still a lot of discussion about exactly what their diet consisted of).
Using CT scans and digital technology, Quam's team reconstructed the ear anatomies of two Australopithecus africanus partial skulls and one Paranthropus
34 million years old and belonging to Paranthropus
boisei at the Olduvai Gorge World Heritage fossil site in Tanzania.
This episode follows the lives of two species - Paranthropus
boisei and Homo habilis.
These were Australopithecus, Paranthropus
and Homo - the genus to which humans belong.