Pacific yew

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Related to Pacific yew: western yew, Taxol
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  • noun

Synonyms for Pacific yew

small or medium irregularly branched tree of the Pacific coast of North America

References in periodicals archive ?
Unfortunately, it takes about 70 years for a Pacific yew to mature, and the process of stripping its bark to obtain the drug kills the tree.
An average 100-year-old Pacific yew tree yields approximately 3 kg of bark.
Taxol, an anti-cancer drug, was found in the Pacific yew tree.
Nevertheless, drugs such as Taxol, which comes from the bark of the Pacific yew tree and is highly successful in fighting ovarian cancer, may be the hope of the future in treating various forms of cancer and other health conditions.
These include a profile of the "Eagle Days" festival in Sauk-Prairie, Wisconsin, that draws 25,000 tourists every winter to watch bald eagles roost (and contributes up to a million dollars to the local economy) and the story of Linda Peko, whose ovarian cancer was cured by taxol, an extract from the bark of the endangered Pacific yew tree.
This barrier has led to the continued reliance on the Pacific yew tree for these intermediates or for taxol itself.
For example, the Pacific yew tree used to be bulldozed and burned.
Spectacular finds, such as the current excitement over the bark extractive taxol from the Pacific yew (Taxus brevifolia) which shows promise in the treatment of ovarian cancer, only illustrate the importance of wood chemistry research.
The problem lies in the fact that the Pacific yew, whose bark is the most available source of taxol, is the habitat of the spotted owl, protected under the Endangered Species Act.
Another example is the breast cancer drug paclitaxel (Taxol(TM)), which was derived from the stripped bark of the Pacific Yew tree," said Professor Quinn.
Editor's note: The Saturday Evening Post Society planted Pacific yew trees in the hope they might someday yield lifesaving cancer medicines.
No chemist could ever dream up the chemistry of Taxol," he says, referring to the drug for fighting breast and other cancers that is derived from the bark of the Pacific yew tree (Taxus brevifolia).
Pacific yew had been the only source of paclitaxel, a costly drug ingredient that's in high demand.
Gibson, in Ithaca, New York, says paclitaxel, the generic term for taxol, originally came from the bark of the rare Pacific yew tree, Taxus brevifolia Nutt.
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