The chief sources for this inquiry are the church baptismal registers and records of "hands-on" responses to the moral and other issues raised by out-of-wedlock births
It concluded that the new law was needed to address a "crisis in our Nation," the out-of-wedlock births
Low-income mothers dreaded the added financial burden of a grandchild, and they felt stigmatized by their daughter's out-of-wedlock birth
State-funded programs to prevent out-of-wedlock births
, encourage healthy, two-parent, married families or to encourage responsible fatherhood would no longer be tied to income eligibility.
The preamble to the PRWORA openly describes it as principally concerned with overcoming the problems caused by out-of-wedlock births
and welfare dependency.
Divorce rates and level of out-of-wedlock births
were used to index fatherlessness.
Does either "theory" explain the out-of-wedlock birth
ratio among African Americans?
19 , "Drug Use, Culture, and Welfare Incentives: Correlates of Family Structure and Out-of-Wedlock Birth
," Eastern Economic Journal, forthcoming.
The theoretical model suggests that the left-hand-side variable should be either the illegitimacy rate or the observation of an out-of-wedlock birth
Focusing on a sample of young adults age 21-26 in 1988 from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, the authors investigate the determinants of five central outcomes - high school graduation, years of schooling completed, teenage out-of-wedlock birth
, receipt of welfare after out-of-wedlock birth
, and economic inactivity.
Current rates of divorce and out-of-wedlock birth
reflect deep cultural changes over which law and public policy have limited influence.
And far from being the wonderland depicted in the Julia cartoon, out-of-wedlock birth
has deleterious effects on everyone involved.
In British novelist and screenwriter Fay Weldon's recent autobiography--saucily entitled Auto Da Fay, for all you Spanish Inquisition fans--she tells a simultaneously charming and unsettling tale about an out-of-wedlock birth
in the late 1950s.
Cultural Whiplash emphatically argues the need for stronger, more unified moral values as a universal preventative tonic and deterrent to crime, poverty, unemployment, and the exploding divorce and out-of-wedlock birth
rates that correlate to all three social ills.
Noting that the out-of-wedlock birth
rate has stabilized at 33 percent of all births, the Bush Administration would like to instead promote healthy, stable two-parent families by authorizing $300 million, including $100 million targeted toward experimental programs in the states on family formation and healthy marriage activities.