Cautioned by these false cognitions and improper trials, international comparatists should consciously avoid these crises from these following aspects: firstly, work beyond the conventional eurocentrism and occidentalism
, releasing the restrictions on objects of study and enlarging the research scope to the whole world to internationalize comparative literature studies.
Orientalism operates in the NBC text, and its obverse--what Xiaomei Chen describes as Occidentalism
and Arif Dirlik calls self-orientalism (Chen, 2002; Dirlik, 1996, pp.
For a more recent take on what it means to make the ballad lyrical see Saree Makdisi, Making England Western: Occidentalism
, Race and Imperial Culture (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2014), 87-132.
2) See Phillips for a book that best exemplifies Occidentalism
The West as the Other: A Genealogy of Chinese Occidentalism
, as defined by Hasan Hanafi, turns the self into a studying subject and the other into the object of study.
Introduction to the Science of Occidentalism
Philosophy Professor Hassan Hanafi of Cairo University, author of , delivered an influential talk in 2002 in Turkey.
Fusion fashion; culture beyond orientalism and occidentalism
and Historiography, Hampshire-Nueva York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.
See Laura Nader, "Orientalism, Occidentalism
, and the Control of Women," Cultural Dynamics 2 (July 1989): 323-55.
esta registra como autoapomorfia las tres glandulas nectariferas en forma de banda en la base del tubo de la corola (caracter 12) y una corola de menor tamano (caracter 14).
Focusing on the formation of Occidentalism
provides a fruitful nexus to understanding the diasporas and racial formations of Chinese and Asians in the Americas south.
He cites the way the Egyptian Occidentalism
icon Rifa'ah Al-Tahtawi was heavily criticised during his time when expressing his advocacy of French-style governance systems in his literature.
A Tale of London" is a piece which provides an interesting imaginative study in how the cultural discourse that is Orientalism may have come to be, by means of a curious reverse--the depiction of Occidentalism
, in the moment of its creation.
Just as the West is harming itself by practicing Orientalism and defining itself in terms of "anti-Easternism," Muslims will harm themselves if they define themselves in terms of "anti-Westernism" and practice Occidentalism