This was due to the incidence of shrimp and prawn contamination with nitrofurans
and chloramphenicol in Malaysia becoming so common.
antibiotics were ed from use in the uropean Union (EU) in 1995 because of concerns that their residues were carcinogenic.
01 ppm for oxolinic acid, acetochlor, and triazophos; nitrofurans
and chloramphenicol must not be detected in food.
An EC statement said: "The Commission proposal provides that all consignments of crustaceans originated from India and intended for food or feed to be tested at the place of origin for presence of nitrofurans
or their metabolites.
Other agents: linezolid (2000) against VRE, daptomycin (1999), doxycycline, minocycline, tetracycline, TMP-SMX, metronidazole, clindamycin, nitrofurans
, chloramphenicol, rifampicin, etc are the older antibiotics which are in use.
During recent food crises, notes the Commission, certain banned substances such as chloramphenicol (a toxic antibiotic) and nitrofurans
in 2002 and 2003 were detected in products by some laboratories but not by others, in products coming from a single lot.
Because they are harvested in low-density ponds, antibiotics like Chloramphenicol or Nitrofurans
are not necessary to counter the ills of overcrowding.
Resistance to nitrofurantoin was lower than expected, given the documented illicit use of nitrofurans
in Portugal by poultry producers in 2002-2003 (DGV, 2004).
These small and medium-sized businesses have been facing health control problems regarding importing countries, with shipments being seized or blocked over contamination concerns--such as nitrofurans
Classically, after ingestion of certain agents like sulfamides, antipyretics, nitrofurans
and antimalarial medicines, like the primaquine and chloroquine, the patient develops fever, black color urine, ictericia and anemia.
(27%); pediatricians, penicillins (38%); and surgeons, fluoroquinolones (25%).
more frequently than any other specialty.
Developed empirically over three decades ago, the currently available drugs nitrofurans
and nitroimidazoles, are unsatisfactory due to frequent toxic side-effects and limited efficacy, particularly in the prevalent chronic form of the disease.
Some Anti-thyroid and Related Substances, Nitrofurans
and Industrial Chemicals; IARC Monogr Evai Carcinog Risk Chem Man 7.
European food regulations make it illegal to use nitrofurans
in the food processing of animals because it could increase the risk of cancerandtheywere banned in 1995.