On the other hand Kamass, which also has vanished, has almost the same amount of cognates than northern languages Enets and Nganasan
Kinship, Exchange, and Ethnicity Among the Dolgan and Nganasan
of Northern Siberia, Doctoral Dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara.
have not converted to any majority religion: They maintain their shamanist beliefs.
First, the linguistic diversity on the Taimyr Peninsula is clearly greater than the Siberian average because speakers whose languages belong to four different language families, Tundra Nenets, Forest Enets, Tundra Enets, Nganasan
(all Samoyedic, Uralic), Dolgan (Turkic), Evenki (Tungusic), Russian (Indo-European) as well as Taimyr Pidgin Russian aka Govorka have met.
Mordvin kal 'fish'; Mari kol 'fish'; Mansi kol/%ul/kul 'fish'; Khanty kul/xut'/xul 'fish'; Hungarian hal 'fish'; Nenets Xal'e/kare 'fish'; Enets kade/kare/kare 'fish'; Nganasan
kole/kuale/kualle 'fish'; Selkup kel/qel/ qeli/kuel/qeli 'fish'; Kamas kola 'fish'; Mator kele 'fish'.
, usually the penultimate syllable is stressed.
The mood systems of these languages are extensive, and there seem to be some exceptions, at least the renarrative in Nganasan
, which does have a special interrogative form.
Those included the Nenets no-, no-, Nganasan
ne- and Enets i- (Castren 1854 : 436-437, 493-494, 518.
She writes about (Tundra) Nenets, Enets and Nganasan
languages as follows: "In the case of a non-highlighted position of a direct object the predicate form contains reference only to the subject of the activity [ ] In the highlighted position of a direct object the predicate, on the contrary, contains reference not only to the subject but also to the direct object [ ] [ ] the highlighted position of the direct object marked by the nominative case is expressed in a peculiar relationship with its predicate" ([TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII.
one object) (Castren 1854 : 595-518; Kunnap 1999a : 25-26), Nganasan
From a more general perspective, Nenets pronouns for 2nd person (further person is referred to with P) and 3P (both Tundra and Forest varieties) do not derive from Proto-Samoyedic/Uralic either, which leaves Nganasan
as the only Northern Samoyedic language with a full set of personal pronouns derived from Proto-Samoyedic/Uralic.
With certain stem types, unmarked object is found in Nganasan
as well, but here it is not related to the definite-indefinite distinction.
Kortvely writes, "Accordingly to Kunnap (1973 : 195-196), it can be traced back to *-tVmVn [ ] I have to add that Kunnap holds this position despite the fact that there is no linguistic element in either Nganasan
or Selkup that would point to present or past existence of the entire complex inflection.
2) Such alternations occur in most Finnic languages, in Lappic, in Nganasan
, and in Ket Selkup although not all inflected words undergo gradation in these languages.
Finno-Ugric Finnish maa 'earth' ~ Samoyedic Nganasan