First, the linguistic diversity on the Taimyr Peninsula is clearly greater than the Siberian average because speakers whose languages belong to four different language families, Tundra Nenets, Forest Enets, Tundra Enets, Nganasan
(all Samoyedic, Uralic), Dolgan (Turkic), Evenki (Tungusic), Russian (Indo-European) as well as Taimyr Pidgin Russian aka Govorka have met.
On the other hand Kamass, which also has vanished, has almost the same amount of cognates than northern languages Enets and Nganasan
Kinship, Exchange, and Ethnicity Among the Dolgan and Nganasan
of Northern Siberia, Doctoral Dissertation, University of California, Santa Barbara.
Mordvin kal 'fish'; Mari kol 'fish'; Mansi kol/%ul/kul 'fish'; Khanty kul/xut'/xul 'fish'; Hungarian hal 'fish'; Nenets Xal'e/kare 'fish'; Enets kade/kare/kare 'fish'; Nganasan
kole/kuale/kualle 'fish'; Selkup kel/qel/ qeli/kuel/qeli 'fish'; Kamas kola 'fish'; Mator kele 'fish'.
, usually the penultimate syllable is stressed.
, most of the interrogative mood markers are portmanteau suffixes that express both tense/aspect and interrogative mood.
Therefore I regard it as possible to suppose that etymologically the Nenets no-, no- does not belong to other North Samoyedic negative auxiliary stems with the secondary initial consonant n- (Nenets ni-, Nganasan
ni-, Enets ne-), but is a separately standing independent word no-, no- (< *no-), instead.
Terescenko has stated that in the case of Turkic izafet type of attribute constructions, in which the main word is provided with a possessive suffix, the sentence structure changes in Nganasan
But this rule is valid as far as the personal pronouns for all Northern-Samoyedic languages--Nenets, Enets and Nganasan
are concerned, e.
By adding the equivalent forms from both Enets varieties (3) one sees, that Tundra Enets resembles Nganasan
much more, as with the exception of 3P, Tundra Enets is etymologically closer to Nganasan
than to any other Northern Samoyedic language.
is, in a sense, a subset in itself because alternating stems there occur in the so called second stem when unmarked (also, incidentally, in prohibitions), so it is the analyst's choice whether to regard this as unmarked object.
Kortvely writes, "Accordingly to Kunnap (1973 : 195-196), it can be traced back to *-tVmVn [ ] I have to add that Kunnap holds this position despite the fact that there is no linguistic element in either Nganasan
or Selkup that would point to present or past existence of the entire complex inflection.
2) Such alternations occur in most Finnic languages, in Lappic, in Nganasan
, and in Ket Selkup although not all inflected words undergo gradation in these languages.
Finno-Ugric Finnish maa 'earth' ~ Samoyedic Nganasan
3PxSg is also used in the non-possessive function with the substantives of the type 'sky', 'god', 'weather', 'earth', 'sun' etc.