EES specifies Finno-Volgaic as a separate layer, where the stems have cognates in Mari or Mordvin
(either Erzya or Moksha) (p.
2007: Negation of Stative Relation Clauses in the Mordvin
A long-term example of this is the fourteen petitions compiled from Arzamas's Troitse-Sergeevskii Monastery on behalf one of their Mordvin
villages: Gramota, [1631-93], f.
According to Johannes Reimer, the Mordvin
, the Chuvash, and the Cheremi are still considered to be primarily Orthodox in faith, though highly nominal (Operation Soviet Union: How to Pray for the 160 People Groups in the USSR [Fresno, Calif.
In the Mordvin
language there is neither male nor female gender, only an average.
He dealt with this text very briefly in his monograph on the development of a Mordvin
Romaniello finds the most striking form of cooptation was the integration of Tatar elites into the pomest 'e-bounty service system; the most striking example of force was the mass relocation of the non-Muslim Mordvin
population south of the new Simbirsk Line.
This would not be the only such mix-up in Pallas; Alhoniemi (1979 : 217) has pointed to how Mordvin
koda 'how' (represented as [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII]) was mistakenly placed under Mari in Pallas's item 270 '?
In Russian the rate of native terms is greater practically for all subjects than in the two Mordvin
Concretely, Orenburg's Eurasianism manifests itself in modest state financial support for some 34 ethnic "cultural associations," from Bashkir and Mordvin
to German and Polish, but a Moscow-based researcher found few local media outlets or schools in Turkic languages (Grigorii Kosach, "Regional'noe 'grazhdanskoe polietnicheskoe soobshchestvo': Variant Orenburgskoi oblasti," in Real'nost' etnicheskikh mifov [Moscow: Gendal'f for the Carnegie Moscow Center, 2000], 53-76).
The system of Mordvin
derivational suffixes is similar to those of the other Finno-Ugric languages: deverbal and denominal verb and noun suffixes are the traditional categories within it.
PMd *o ~ PMari *a is in itself an irregular correspondence, so borrowing from Mordvin
to Mari or vice versa has probably taken place.
Sino-Finnic): Lappic vuollel 'under', vuole/viille 'lower part', viilne/vuiln/vueiln/voiln/ 'under'; Mordvin
al 'nether', alo/ala 'under'; Mari ul-/ulo- 'nether', ulna/ulno 'under'; Udmurt ul 'nether', ulin/ulan 'under'; Komi ulin/uvin 'under'; Mansi jala'n/joln/jalan/jalan 'below'; Khanty il/it/il 'nether'; Hungarian al- 'sub-'; Nenets nil-/nir- 'nether', yilna 'under'; Enets ido/iro 'bottom', isone 'under'; Nganasan nilea 'nether', nileanu 'under'; Selkup iil/il/rl 'bottom'; Kamas jilda 'downwards'; Yukaghir -al 'under'.
PFi *kaiho presupposes a Pre-PFi form *kajsV--(the final -o may be a suffix), and also the Mordvin
word can be regularly derived from the same form.
1931-1934, A mordvin
tagado es tilto szerkezetek tortenete.