differ in the extent to which they do so, from adding or adjusting minor details to outright and extensive eisegesis.
were seen as everything from creative, resourceful, and playful "uncoverings" of the ramifying levels of meaning inherent in a pasuk, to maddening, misleading, and even fatuous alterations of the peshat of that pasuk.
39) Certain midrashim
explain that these angels were sent to earth and instilled with an evil inclination as a test, which they failed.
Midrasch Wasjoscha (which would be better transliterated in English as va-Yosha) belongs to a group of relatively short Midrashim
from the Middle Ages.
Composed primarily of Palestinian materials (the Jerusalem Talmud, the Aramaic paraphrases of the Bible known as Targumim, and Midrashim
written in Palestine), the Pirkei de-Rabbi Eliezer not only has a notable pedigree within later rabbinic commentators (it is quoted by, among others, Rambam and Rashi), it has the additional advantage, for the purposes of Werman's argument, of having been translated into Latin by William Vorstius in 1644.
to which he refers describe the frog as a small and weak animal, preyed on by snakes and aquatic creatures, that is extremely vocal.
The stories have been molded by many additions and amplifications to the basic framework of both the Talmudim and midrashim
, leading to an evaluation and comparison of their sources.
In this collection of articles that places midrash within other contexts of hermeneutics, the contributors of these 12 articles cover the origins of midrash in the Second Temple period, resistance to midrash in the Halakhic Midrashim
, rewritten bible and rabbinic midrash as commentary, textual criticism, Christian and Hellenistic hermeneutics in relation to midrash, midrash as social history, methodology and literary approaches, interpretations of experience, feminism, justifications for women's disabilities and deconstruction/reconstruction.
Some traditional midrashim
that comment on Bible stories with these narratives, aggadot, elaborate on the stories with an interweaving of astonishing detail.
The Genesis narratives, subsequent rabbinic midrashim
However, the close relationship between the two works may well result from the fact that they both comment on the same book, Genesis, while the other Midrashim
deal with completely different material.
Drawing on this current of thought, Samuel Dresner in his recent book Rachel argues that the Bible is not androcentric, but his arguments rely on midrashim
as opposed to a literal interpretation of the text.
This is noted in numerous midrashim
including Sifra Numbers 99 and Midrash Tannaim 24:9 as noted by Devorah Steinmetz, "A Portrait of Miriam in Rabbinic Midrash," Prooftexts, No.
1) Thus it is not surprising to find Jonah a frequent visitor in midrashim
from the first through the tenth centuries.
He added twelve years of bibliographic entries to his study of Talmud, added a chapter on the Tosephta, and broadened the scope of the work to include an introduction to the midrashim