Michelson-Morley experiment

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Related to Michelson-Morley experiment: Lorentz transformation
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  • noun

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a celebrated experiment conducted by Albert Michelson and Edward Morley

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When the Michelson-Morley experiment failed to confirm the existence of the luminiferous ether continuum, Einstein plugged the gap by postulating a four-dimensional spacetime continuum.
This, and nothing more, was the real result of the 1887 Michelson-Morley experiment involving stationary sources (an experiment of which Einstein was almost certainly aware, as shown in Miller |1981~, p.
It also maintains a persistent myth, according to which the Michelson-Morley experiment, together with the Kennedy-Thorndike experiment provides an evidence for the invariant speed of light.
It took a scientific revolution to explain the matter, so that the Michelson-Morley experiment is perhaps the most important "failure" in the history of science.
This assumption was based upon the unexpectedly small fringe shifts observed in the Michelson-Morley experiment (MM) 1887 experiment, that was designed to detect any anisotropy in the speed of light, and for which Newtonian physics was used to calibrate the instrument.
FitzGerald derived a simple equation, involving the ratio of the speed of the light source to the speed of light, that would reduce distances in the direction of travel just enough to produce a negative result in the Michelson-Morley experiment.
The dynamical space velocity has been detected with numerous techniques, dating back to the 1st detection, the Michelson-Morley experiment of 1887, which was misunderstood, and which lead to physics developing flawed theories of the various phenomena noted above.
The negative results of the Michelson-Morley experiment (see 1887) still attracted the attention of physicists.
This failure was reinforced by the supposed failure of the earliest experiment designed to detect such structure by means of light speed anisotropy: the 1887 Michelson-Morley experiment [1].
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