The Finnish Merovingian period (550-800) has been characterized, drawing upon archaeological findings, by an outbreak and blossoming of local culture during which former artefacts of Scandinavian and Baltic example are replaced by highly unique weapons and jewellery with no counterparts in neighbouring areas (cf.
During the Merovingian period, for the first time after the Stone Age, types of artefacts described as Finnish type or just Finnish enter the archaeological scene (e.
Numerous finds of Nevolino-type belts and belt mounts in the graves of the Merovingian period are evidence of connections with territories far east of Finland (Kivikoski 1973, Nos 583-597).
The emergence of these sites was associated with the growth of maritime trade, invigorated by the introduction of the sail to the northern seas of Europe in the Merovingian period.
Central Places in the Migration and Merovingian Periods.
Ploughing had seriously damaged the structures, but parts of floors, collapsed clay walls, ovens and accumulations of loom weights could be documented in post-built houses dating to the Merovingian period and Viking Age.
Some smaller buildings close to the large halls at Lejre and Tisso, Zealand, dated to the Merovingian period and Viking age respectively, have been interpreted as structures of ritual importance (Christensen 1991; Jorgensen 1998: 242; 2002).
Our knowledge of the settlement sites and land use in Finland during the Merovingian period is so far quite limited.
Schauman-Lonngvist (1996; 1999) has proposed a three-partite ranking for the Merovingian period weapon burials.
If we follow Haimila's division of small-scaled and complete collectivity, then the Merovingian period burial tradition could be seen as belonging to small-scaled collectivity, since the "warrior" elite still feels the need to distinguish themselves from the others in the cemetery.
The traces preserved, at least until now, in mortuary remains provide only very uncertain confirmation because necklaces, which only appear in the richest graves of the Merovingian period
, should by no means be interpreted as necessarily the possessions of an outstanding warrior.
The objects from the Merovingian period are dominated by brooches of various shapes together with animal-decorated mountings and tin plate (FIGURE 8).
With the Merovingian Period and still more in the Viking Age strong realms in a political as well as an economic sense appear; in the west, first the Carolingian and then the German empires; in the east, the Abbasid and then the Samanid Caliphates.
Ten of these have been identified by James (1977) who dated them to the late Roman or early Merovingian period
When first investigated, the site initiated a re-evaluation of Scandinavian society in the Migration and Merovingian periods