regulates serotonin 1A and 2A receptors in the infant rat.
In addition to maternal deprivation
, children eligible for adoption, especially those with backgrounds of institutional care, may have experienced environmental deprivation (Gandelman, 1992; Gunnar, 2001), postnatal environments that do not include the normal range of non-maternal stimulation, including social and physical stimulation (eg sensory stimulates such as tactile, proprioceptive and vestibular).
Exploring the story of the animals on their dinner plates or the ones that were force fed a new eyeliner or the chimps psychologically destroyed in Harlow's maternal deprivation
studies can only contribute to the development of a more fully aware and sensitive professional.
He argues that their novels are documentary evidence that French society itself suffered from six ills he calls migration, maternal deprivation
, paternal weakness, instability, incest, and a death-wish.
Successive chapters are thus devoted to the unsettling impact on the individual and on the community of migration, largely to the capital, that is rightly seen as characteristic of revolutionary and post-revolutionary France; to maternal deprivation
and the custom of wet-nursing (for Pasco a veritable open sesame that unlocks his reading of the French Romantic sensibility) that is said to 'provide a plausible explanation of why the Romantic hero was especially multitudinous, long-lived, and welcome in the literature of France' (p.
Scientists conducting maternal deprivation
studies have long been able to induce permanent changes in the behaviors of animals, notably their responses to stress.
In particular, thorough studies have been carried out on the relationship between an early experience of loss and psychopathology, frequently stimulated by Bowlby's (1951) hypothesis on the negative consequences of maternal deprivation
The fact that Bowlby's theories of maternal deprivation
were originally produced in relation to institutionalised homeless youth did not stop them from becoming received wisdom in a period when women were being pushed back into the home; as Adrienne Rich put it: "these were the fifties, and in reaction to the earlier wave of feminism, middle class women were making careers of domestic perfection, working to send their husbands through professional schools, then retiring to raise large families.
Others say repetitive movements are due to insufficient opportunity for physical expression, maternal deprivation
, or a need for immediate gratification.