In fact, such a situation existed under "alien" conquest dynasties such as the Kin= Liao, Jurchen Jin, Mongol Yuan--dynasties whose rulers defined themselves as "emperors" with universal sovereignty even when multiple competing "Sons of Heaven" coexisted--or in the Manchu Qing dynasty
, whose official diplomatic discourse could accommodate (and lesser lords who ritually accepted) imperial suzerainty.
Students should have an understanding of Chinese dynasties, particularly accomplishments and values of the Ming Dynasty and the transition of power to the Manchu Qing dynasty
of New Jersey) describes how late in the 17th century, the Manchu Qing dynasty
observed that its remote neighbor Tibet was in danger of subjugation by the Zunghar Mongols, who might then be able to exert even more pressure on China's northern and northwestern border than before.
The strength of historical analyses of shamanic phenomena is particularly illustrated in chapters dealing with precolonial India, imperial Rome and the Manchu Qing Dynasty
With the exception of the now independent country of Mongolia (the "Outer Mongolia" of Qing times), the present borders of China are in the main those of the Manchu Qing dynasty