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They defeated the Egyptian soldiers and established the Mahdist state that was based on the Shari'alaw.
These include religious conflict, mobilization on the basis of Islam in Sudan and Egypt during the Urabi and Mahdist revolts, and mobilization on the basis of Jacobite Christianity in Ethiopia against the Egyptians, the Sudanese, and eventually the Europeans.
He would have dismissed contemporary Mahdist movements, such as those of Ibn Qasi and the Almohads, as idle.
The Anglo-Egyptian relationship was further complicated by the Sudan, which, with the defeat of Mahdist forces in 1899, was administered through the Anglo-Egyptian Condominium.
Artefacts from the Mahdist revolt of the late 19th century in Sudan will also be displayed for the first time.
1885: Major-general Charles George Gordon, British commander and Governor of the Sudan, was killed by a spear while besieged at Khartoum by forces of the Mahdist rebellion.
However, neither the Egyptian nor the Mahdist state (1883-1898) had any effective control of the southern region outside of a few garrisons.
During the 1870s, European initiatives against the slave trade caused an economic crisis in southern Sudan, precipitating the rise of Mahdist forces.
In contemporary Iraq, there is even more opportunity for radical Shiite elements of the Mahdist movement to express themselves--far greater, in fact, than there is in neighboring Iran.
He preached religion and ignited a sense of nationalism that led to the 1885 revolution -- what has come to be known as the Mahdist War.
To add to this we have the emergence of a Mahdist Iran led by Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and armed with nuclear weapons, which promises to add a dangerous element to the already volatile mix.
In addition, the Bornuese pilgrim evokes the boundary of Borno with the Mahdist state founded by Hayatu ibn Sa'id in Adamawa (Kanya-Forstner and Lovejoy, 1997, p.
Egypt, which had ruled Sudan from 1821, was expelled by the Mahdist revolution in 1885.
Later on, his disciples and Colonel Al-Bashir rebelled against him to prevent him from achieving what he referred to as being the "Islamic Civilizational Project," as he returned to recent history to confirm the sensitivity toward such a project, saying: "When the Mahdist state was established in the nineteenth century, Britain came and Italy came.
A crucial event reflecting ambivalent feelings of empire was The Emin Pasha Relief held from 1886 to 1889, one of the last major European expeditions into the interior of Africa in the nineteenth century--ostensibly to the relief of Emin Pasha, the besieged governor of Equatoria who was threatened by Mahdist forces.
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