There was a major eruption of Mahdism
in the Islamic West after 583/1187.
15) In addition to its internal wars the Mahdist aspiration included spreading Mahdism
to Abyssinia following the Battle of Gallabat in 1887 and were stopped from invading Egypt following their defeat at the Battle of Tushki in 1889 (Theobald 1951).
The study explores how Lebou nationalism was negotiated with Islam and how the mysticism of Sufism and Mahdism
resonated within Lebou culture, even as the concept of reincarnation, atypical to Islam, was used to show that God was a direct responder to the Lebou people and to reject the Arab chauvinism found in much of the Islamic world.
According to Islam, Mahdism
is the belief in the 12th Imam of Shiite Islam, who is expected to emerge from the Occultation to fulfill his role and lead the faithful to salvation.
1993), 'Islamic hegemonies in the Sudan: Sufism, Mahdism
and Islamism" in Louis Brenner, ed.
Mansharof, "The Doctrine of Mahdism
in the Ideological and Political Philosophy of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Ayatollah Mesbah-e Yazdi," Inquiry & Analysis # 357 (May 2007)MEMRI, http://www.
20 Jihad movement in the subcontinent, Faridi movement in Bengal Madhist uprising in Sudan, Sanusiyya movement in Libya and Mahdism
in Egypt, Padri Movement in Sumatra, Yousef M.
When I saw the invitation, one of the themes leaped off the page to me: "The Mahdism
and Messianism Doctrine in Other Religions (Abrahamic).
Reading the chapters on Charles Gordon, the rise of Mahdism
, the Muslim revolt, and the reconquest of Sudan in 1898 will reveal a direct, bright line to the current issues of Islamic extremism, the southern Sudan question, and Darfur.
Asher's book gives us vivid and sometimes chilling descriptions of battle, from the Mahdist forces' massacre of 11,000 Egyptian soldiers at Shaykan in 1883, and their capture of Khartoum in 1885 to the British Army's final, crushing defeat of the Dervishes at Omdurman in 1898, which put an end to Mahdism
and lifted the Islamist threat to Egypt and British interests.
It was especially strong on the early modern period of Mahdism
and on the important White Flag League that continued the struggle against imperialism in a new way even into the British colonial era.
All of these groups displayed distinct religious features, which can be summarily categorized as "revolutionary Mahdism
Although the Mahdi was dead, Mahdism
as a political force was far from spent.
The transition from In the Hour of Signs to Wings of Dust is simple: imperialism and Mahdism
were both discourses that naturalized the landscape, appropriated the expanse of the land with all its distinctive features, and placed it at the service of the Empire or the nation.
(the expectation, central to emerging Shi'ism, of an apocalyptic return of a descendant of Muhammad) was equally early but represented a renewal, albeit by deferral, of messianic hopes, based originally on the Samaritan Moses redivivus idea (whether of Moses himself, or of the Taheb as a prophet/revealer like unto Moses).