The predominant view has roots in Friedrich Meinecke's post--World War I study, Machiavellism
, but was revised by Leo Strauss's Thoughts on Machiavelli (1958) and the essays by Harvey Mansfield that it inspired (Machiavelli's Virtue ).
On the other hand, Mora brings up a totally opposed argument: first, regarding German culture as such, he sees in its Machiavellism
a sound and efficient attitude; second, regarding Nietzsche's attitude towards the German Zeitgeist, Mora portrays him as the most paradigmatic representative of the cult of power and war typical of the Prussian Reich: 'Tal mysticismo materialista esta photographado para sempre no espirito do infeliz chamado Nietzsche.
has become associated with a certain kind of political behavior in which expediency is placed above morality.
6) A broader cultural approach to the study of English Machiavellism
has been explored more recently by J.
The finding that politically-oriented respondents have a low degree of Machiavellism
is not surprising because organizational politics appears to be a more diffused process.
Amoral Politics: The Persistent Truth of Machiavellism
But to study Machiavellism
one must know Machiavelli" (pp.
The final essays in the volume pay testimony to the ever-widening scope of Machiavellism
The first part, entitled "Machiavellism
Described," is devoted to establishing the claim that Machiavellism
, as a type, is everywhere and not limited to Machiavelli and Renaissance Italy.
Kahn proposes to revise the history of Machiavellism
, mainly in England, by arguing that views of Machiavelli as the diabolical Machiavel and the republican thinker interested in the realities of de facto political power are not mutually exclusive.
Mining data and selective stopping rules are more serious blemishes in scholarly Machiavellism
, and are harder to spot early.
Eurich's study not only reopens the question of the crisis of the aristocracy but also challenges the concept that the calculating mentality, economic Machiavellism
as some historians describe it, which is evidenced in early modern Europe was narrowly bourgeois.
If Houston underestimates Machiavelli's influence, he is right to insist that republicanism and Machiavellism
should not be treated as synonymous, and that Machiavellism
should be regarded as a range of preoccupations, not a single theory.
Bentham equals utility, Hegel will, Austin command, Kelsen norm, and then the combined names such as Meinecke's Machiavellism
, Elton's Meineckean Tudor State, or Blickle's Marxism.
If there is any talk about Machiavellism
in the usual and greatly distorted sense of the word, then we should look for it in the actions of those scarcely religious princes and rulers who for ages have thankfully used the pedagogical and ideological apparatus (Althusser) that the order presented them with, but have clearly used them ad majorem Regis gloriam.