Though the Karner blue still lives on in a few places further north, where the summers are for the time being still temperate enough to sustain lupine
, they haven't been spotted in the Lakeshore park since.
So, with all of these factors, how is it that Kincaid's lupine
has become, quite literally, a "poster child" for rare species management?
But during this time, alkaloids in the lupines
can cross the placental barrier and temporarily induce fetal immobility.
2) and lower the physical apparency of host plants so that females do not lay as many eggs per leaf on lupines
that are overtopped by tall grasses as they do on lupines
surrounded by grasses of the native stature (Severns 2008a).
are legumes and make their own nitrogen in root nodules, no fertilization is necessary.
Could an entomopathogenic nematode protect bush lupine
by killing rootfeeding ghost moth caterpillars?
To improve the butterfly's habitat, the National Park Service has removed pampas grass and replanted with native grasses, lupines
, and two nectar species: coastal buckwheat and California phacelia.
I wanted it to blend into the hillside," Wyndham says, "and I also wanted it to be like a nursery for natives, so I planted lupines
, poppies, and coastal grasses on its roof.
Vegetation returned to the blasted landscape within a few years, led by lupines
and red alders.
do increase vegetatively, they spread very slowly, making seed the preferred method for increasing lupine
The park also boasts lupines
, coreopsis, goldfields and other flowers, varying year by year according to rainfall.
This endangered insect feeds on perennial lupines
in coastal and montane habitat on the San Bruno Mountain and in the Marin Headlands in northern California.
He reported that both lupines
and butterflies were "still doing as fine under those old gnarled pines along the railroad as they did ninety years ago.
Bliss (1999) entitled "Comparative physiological ecology of lupines
Outside their preferred habitat, they pick up speed, moving six to eight times faster than when they meander among lupines
, says ecologist Cheryl B.