In the different case of the European Community, where the institutional structure of policymaking is more complex than in the United States or Japan, lobbies are forced to divide their efforts between national capitals and Brussels.
In contrast to the big protrade business lobbies, traditional anti-liberalization business lobbies tended to be organized more along sectoral lines and were often made up of smaller, domestic-oriented firms and associated labor groups.
The European Single Market Programme and NAFTA, both strongly promoted by proliberalization business lobbies, are typical examples at the regional level.
Business lobbies, particularly those from the United States, were keen to push what they termed a "high standard, liberal investment regime" after a disappointing Uruguay Round.
business lobbies and, to some extent, influential individual firms.
It lobbies for national treatment for foreign-owned affiliates in the United States itself and, wh ile very supportive of the MAI, felt unable to take a high profile on it in Washington, leaving this to USCIB.