White birch Betula papyrifera * * Leatherleaf Chamaedaphne calyculata * Alternate-leaved dogwood Cornus alternifolia * Red-osier dogwood Cornus stolonifera * * Beaked hazelnut Corylus cornuta * Northern bush honeysuckle Diervilla lonicera * Dwarf huckleberry Galussacia dumosa * Sheep laurel Kalmia angustifolia * * Bog laurel Kalmia polifolia * Larch Larix laricina * Labrador tea Ledum groenlandicum
* * Northern honeysuckle Lonicera villosa * Sweet gale Myrica gale * Mountain holly Nemopanthus mucronata * * White spruce Picea glauca * * Black spruce Picea mariana * * Cherry Prunus spp.
Once in Alaska, having run out of black tea, he boiled a common heath, Ledum groenlandicum
, for his companions, but declined to drink the "ranksmelling liquor" himself.
In the western portion of the region, the understory vegetation is characterized by Shepherdia canadensis (buffaloberry), whereas Ledum groenlandicum
(Labrador tea) is more prominent on reference sites in the eastern portion (Fig.
Herbs and low shrubs such as Cornus canadensis and Ledum groenlandicum
are common in the ground layer, but Equisetum spp.
, Menziesia ferruginea, Salix spp.
2), Ledum groenlandicum
(2), Potentilla palustris (1), and Salix sp.