But it may be again asked, Who is to judge of the NECESSITY and PROPRIETY of the laws to be passed for executing the powers of the Union?
But it is said that the laws of the Union are to be the SUPREME LAW of the land.
To make all Laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.
No State shall, without the Consent of the Congress, lay any Imposts or Duties on Imports or Exports, except what may be absolutely necessary for executing it's inspection Laws: and the net Produce of all Duties and Imposts, laid by any State on Imports or Exports, shall be for the Use of the Treasury of the United States; and all such Laws shall be subject to the Revision and Controul of the Congress.
All that we can know empirically is approximate and liable to exceptions; the exact laws that are assumed in physics are known to be somewhere near the truth, but are not known to be true just as they stand.
The laws of traditional physics, in the form in which they deal with movements of matter or electricity, have an apparent simplicity which somewhat conceals the empirical character of what they assert.
And it may also be affirmed, that experience itself gives a proof of this; for the ancient laws
are too simple and barbarous; which allowed the Greeks to wear swords in the city, and to buy their wives of each [1269a].
JUDGES ought to remember, that their office is jus dicere, and not jus dare; to interpret law, and not to make law, or give law.
as far as the law permitteth) in justice to remember mercy; and to cast a severe eye upon the example, but a merciful eye upon the person.
To understand the laws
of this continuous movement is the aim of history.
Now this is the Law
of the Jungle--as old and as true as the sky;
By the laws
of several States, certain descriptions of aliens, who had rendered themselves obnoxious, were laid under interdicts inconsistent not only with the rights of citizenship but with the privilege of residence.
I take the official oath today with no mental reservations, and with no purpose to construe the Constitution or laws
by any hypercritical rules.
Things have their laws
, as well as men; and things refuse to be trifled with.
No one, indeed, could have imagined the rapture it was to do it, or what a load rolled from my shoulders when I dropped the law