In the former, by analyzing how Chinese language works as a medium of poetic expression, Liu further summarizes the four kinds of Chinese views of poetry, namely, the didactic view, the individualist view, the technical view and the intuitionalist
The basic idea lies in resolving scientific-theoretical disputes over content, such as the foundational dispute between logicists and intuitionalists
in mathematics, through the description of different language forms:
Additionally they offer evidence that land reform, in and of itself, has little effect on productivity under African conditions, a result which would surprise the new intuitionalists
[Rutherford, 1994; Langlos, 1986].