Horse, wagon & chariot: Indo-European languages
However, the middle voice has also fallen out of use across most of the Indo-European languages
of Europe, surviving intact only in Modern Greek; in Germanic, the middle voice was intact in Gothic, but is found only in fossilized traces in the other oldest Germanic languages; it was alive in Latin deponent verbs (though with a different formation), but does not survive into the Romance languages; it is not found in Balto-Slavic.
Some of them, as we have seen, were already speaking Indo-European languages
well before the development of these 'new international networks connecting Bronze Age societies throughout Eurasia and the Aegean during the early second millennium Be'.
These features differentiate the Indo-European languages
from other language families.
Four successive spreads of Indo-European language
families followed: proto-Indo-European around 5,500 years ago, Iranian about 4,000 years ago, Turkic nearly 2,000 years ago, and Mongolian between 1,500 and 1,000 years ago.
Is it legitimate, by ascribing its links with Italic and Germanic to late contact, to portray Celtic as an eastern Indo-European language
(Schmidt 1996), or is such an argument merely circular (Schrijver 1997: 109)?
The three texts together constitute the oldest continuous prose in Indo-Iranian--and indeed, outside of Anatolian, the oldest continuous prose in any Indo-European language
Accepting Renfrew's model that the spread of the farming economy was associated with the spread of the Indo-European language
, he then goes further by suggesting that this language or dialects acted as a common language for inter-group communications in the newly-evolved world of early agriculturalists.
Sweden), collaborating with Werner Winter and Georges-Jean Pinault, has compiled a dictionary of Tocharian A, an Indo-European language
of Central Asia.
They demonstrate what can be learned about various members of the Indo-European language
group by looking at elements within that particular language at different times, particularly by positing a single earlier single form from variant later forms.
Iranian languages form a major subgroup of the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European Language
The Lithuanians are a Baltic people, and the official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages (together with Latvian) in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language
Kumzari is a unique case as it is the only non-Semitic, Indo-European language
in the Gulf.
The very idea of an Indo-European language
(and, by extension, race) was proposed after German linguists and philologists, including August Schleicher, discovered that many words in Sanskrit (the language of ancient India) were startlingly similar to words in German, English and other "western" languages.
Y'all prolly know from your history class that English is an Indo-European language
with Sanskrit as its evolutionary ancestor.