Not an explorer himself but a collector of the reports of others, Hakluyt later enlarged his book and included the adventures of Sir Francis Drake, Sir Humphrey Gilbert
, Sir Martin Frobisher, and others.
In 1583 he took part in his half-brother Sir <IR> HUMPHREY GILBERT
</IR> 's expedition to America.
Though Sir Humphrey Gilbert
was not among the crews of these noteworthy voyages, as he had vanished at sea in his attempt to reach the Americas two years earlier, he wrote two groundbreaking treatises in 1577 that significantly influenced these three successful expeditions.
Sir Humphrey Gilbert
, on his voyage back to England after formally claiming St John's in Newfoundland in 1583, spotted a lion-like creature with "glaring eyes", and a Norwegian missionary in 1734 claimed to have seen "a terrible sea-animal which raised itself so high above the water that its head reached above our maintop".
As Churchyard's account of Sir Humphrey Gilbert
suggests, something catastrophic and horrible took place in Ireland in the sixteenth century, something that the (English) historical and literary record too often allows us to forget, or to soften.
Rebellion in Ireland, suppressed by Sir Humphrey Gilbert
The book begins with an introduction to the main players behind Frobisher's voyages, including John Dee, scientist and "navigation expert"; Michael Lok, merchant and financial backer; and Sir Humphrey Gilbert
, whose early writings on the Northwest Passage proved influential.
Newfoundland was officially claimed by Humphrey Gilbert
, who took possession in the name of the English throne.
In 1583, Sir Humphrey Gilbert
formally claimed Newfoundland for England.
Sir Henry's most feared commander there, on excellent terms with the Sidney family, was the choleric Humphrey Gilbert
, who was at this time starting to meditate more distant "plantations" in the New World.