Its discoverers dubbed the find Homo floresiensis
, a name suggesting a previously unknown species of human.
Discovered on the remote island of Flores in Indonesia, Homo floresiensis
is an archaeological puzzle.
Homo habilis is considered a predecessor to Homo sapiens while Homo floresiensis
is thought to be a short, human-like species that once existed on an Indonesian island in the Late Pleistocene stage.
Hershkovitz, Israel, Liora Kornreich and Zvi Laron 2007 'Comparative skeletal features between Homo floresiensis
and patients with primary growth hormone insensitivity (Laron syndrome)', American Journal of Physical Anthropology 134 (2): 198-208.
The newly discovered species, called Homo floresiensis
after the island of its discovery and nicknamed "hobbit" because of its tiny size, lived as recently as 12,000 years ago.
A quirky breakthrough sometimes splashes big headlines around the world, such as the 2004 discovery of Homo floresiensis
, another possible extinct human species that lived on the Indonesia island of Flores some 17,000 years ago.
More detailed analysis of skeletal material from moose may demonstrate if body size reduction in moose follows allometric models, a research area relevant to understanding the evolution of Homo floresiensis
, a recent insular homonid that stood barely 1 m tall.
This new species has been named Homo Floresiensis
and lived cut-off from the mainland on an island like the Lost World of Arthur Conan Doyle with elephants the size of ponies, rats as big as dogs and lizards as big as dragons.
The newly identified species has been named homo floresiensis
The new human, named Homo floresiensis
, is a dwarf-sized descendent of another primitive species that left Africa about two million years ago.
Formally called Homo floresiensis
,the species of three-foot-tall early humans likely vanished from Flores, and history, about 12,000 years ago.
Known as Homo floresiensis
, the hobbit was discovered in Flores, Indonesia in 2003 by Professor Mike Morwood and the archeological team of Liang Bua.
This hardy species, the first human ancestor to leave Africa, survived until perhaps 200,000 years ago and may have evolved into small-bodied Homo floresiensis
, or hobbits, in Indonesia.
Anthropologist Dr Karen Baab said: "Dwarfing syndromes and microcephaly bear no resemblance to the unique anatomy of Homo Floresiensis
If they used the southern route, why or how did they manage to bypass Flores, where Homo floresiensis
, the famous non-sapiens hominin known to the world as the 'hobbit' was already in residence?