Maintenant sous la gouverne d'Epinac, la ville n'etait cependant pas plus disposee qu'avant a reconnaitre Henri de Navarre.
Apres maintes hesitations et consultations, Henri de Navarre annonca, le 17 mai 1593, son intention de suivre une instruction religieuse en vue de se convertir.
En tant qu'heretique relaps, Henri de Navarre devait officiellement recevoir son absolution des mains du souverain pontife pour pouvoir se considerer reintegre dans le giron de l'Eglise catholique.
But they reckoned without the Parisians' violently anti-Protestant bias, the festering rage on both sides, and the summer heat that enflamed the Catholics and Protestants gathered for the ill-starred wedding of Margot to Henri de Navarre.
There followed four-and-a-half years of civil war, during which Henri de Navarre, Henri III's heir, fought not only the ultra-Catholics and other French factions but also foreign forces aided by, among others, Philip II and the Pope.
This trouble," Henri de Navarre wrote to her during wartime, with his usual perspicacity, "pleases you and feeds you if you were at rest you would not know how to continue to live.
After sketching the backdrop of plague, famine and institutional tensions that preceded the outbreak of civil unrest in sixteenth-century France, De Waele outlines the "revolts" that took place during the reigns of Charles IX and Henri III, thus establishing the explosive terrain upon which Henri de Navarre
would be called upon to maneuver.
He denies he has flattered authorities (a reference to his activities as liaison between Henri de Navarre
and Henri III): his "freedom" (liberte) in this respect has eliminated "any suspicion of dissimulation (faintise) by its vigor--since I do not refrain from saying anything, however grave or burning, I could not have said worse behind their backs" (600-01b, 792).
Marguerite continued to accompany her brother at court, though with less frequency than she had in earlier years; she also traveled on behalf of the Crown, although her loyalties became increasingly conflicted as difficulties arose between Francois and Henri de Navarre
Yet long before either man gave expression to these concepts, they were understood clearly and practised effectively by Henri de Navarre and the Huguenots.
10) Moreover, two months later, on 2 January 1585, the principal Guise leaders signed a secret treaty of"perpetual, offensive and defensive alliance" with an agent of Philip II at the chateau of Joinville, by which it was agreed that Catholicism was to be recognized as the sole religion in France, Henri de Navarre was to be excluded from the succession, and Madrid was to provide the Guises with financial support.
32) This at last forced Henri de Navarre and the Calvinist party to prepare openly for the military struggle that everyone knew was coming.
Her adored brother came first, before either husband: the dull Charles d'Alencon or the wayward Henri de Navarre
Despite its title, Eurich's study traces the fortunes of the house of Foix-Navarre-Albret over the course of the entire sixteenth century, from the career of Henri d'Albret, husband of Marguerite d'Angouleme, the sister of Francois I, through that of their daughter, Jeanne d'Albret, and finally that of their grandson Henri de Navarre, later Henri IV.
Finally, the war drove many lower ranking nobles to seek the patronage of Jeanne d'Albret and Henri de Navarre, who brought them into their households in order to enhance their own prestige relative to the royal family and rival houses, to provide a corps of experienced military leaders and to keep potential troublemakers loyal.